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Are real world assets set to take market share?

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The blockchain has seen many narratives over the years. Some of these have turned into actual use cases and continued with strength. But there is a new kid on the block, and they go by the name of real world assets (RWAs).

What are RWAs?

In simple terms, RWAs are tangible assets from the physical world that interact with the blockchain. The biggest assets being represented currently are real estate, private credit, gold and U.S. treasuries. But the ceiling for expansion is almost unlimited and this is certainly an area to look out for. It is reported that the overall Total Value Locked (TVL) for DeFi is roughly $38.8 billion, with a high of around $178 billion in November 2021, which illustrates a big potential opportunity for investors.

Real estate alone is seeing fewer complications in terms of process and is also negating the need for a middleman to see the deal out. Not only does it provide a more efficient solution but it is cost-effective too.

How do they work?

Like most assets, you can simply buy through a marketplace or vendor. RWAs are the same; the only difference is these are assets being brought onto the blockchain as opposed to being made new and this is known as tokenization.

In terms of formula, the price fluctuates just like most assets on the market, so if you were to buy a fractionalized piece of real estate, its price would change based on the market just like Bitcoin would. The choice of asset would depend on how this works as different protocols have different processes. Stablecoins as RWA would obviously be backed 1:1 by the U.S. dollar.

This means that you are just buying a digital version of the asset in essence and this is bound to you until you sell — similar to cryptocurrencies. If we take real estate as an example again, you would digitally own that property or at least a portion of that property depending on how much you invest.

The best part about bringing these assets onto the blockchain and being available to investors is that they can be fractionalized. For example: If Bitcoin was priced at $30,000 but you can’t afford it, you can buy a fraction of it instead. This is similar to how the price of gold works too, we have seen gold tokenized, and it is also one of the biggest tokenized assets on the market.

The tokenization of these assets allows a bigger pool for investors to choose from, providing more variety in their spread, especially when they are world-renowned assets such as real estate or gold.

How are they being accessed?

As these assets are on the blockchain, there obviously needs to be a way to access them. Luckily there are dedicated platforms to make this process as simple as possible. One that is truly providing a smooth process is Fluent Finance. They provide a two-way bridge between traditional finance (TradFi) and distributed ledgers (DeFi) via their advanced stablecoin protocol. There are also some other RWA providers, such as Ondo Finance (RWA marketplace), Maple Finance (private credit) and Centrifuge (RWA marketplace).

Access will only improve as adoption increases and RWAs provide a new market for those still within the Web2 space to move over — especially with the added benefits provided in terms of efficiency compared to the current state of ownership.

In terms of accessibility for users, this essentially means that anyone in the world can access this without an issue, even if these assets are typically not available to them such as someone in a small town in Nigeria buying U.S treasuries. This allows for everyone to be on an equal playing ground with essentially no limits or restrictions on availability. This also allows for investors to diversify their portfolios due to increased financial instruments, enabling a better investment/savings plan.

Things to keep in mind

There are obviously many positives with the digital world and RWAs are benefitting greatly from this; however, there are some things to look out for when navigating them.

Market movement is one area that many may not monitor closely enough. The reason for this is that some RWAs are directly linked to their own market. Unlike crypto, in these markets, there isn’t simply a price to monitor your assets. If you’re invested in real estate for example, this could vary on economic conditions, interest rates or even the type of property which can also fluctuate.

So, understanding the market you enter with RWAs is vital due to the potential complexities that other asset classes don’t necessarily experience. A final tip for anyone looking to get into RWAs would be to understand the potential barriers such as regulation or fragmentation. We know that regulation is a problem within the Web3 space already but RWAs will add complications.

As for fragmentation, this is a potential issue due to fractionalization, in which multiple people own a percentage of a bigger asset and as a result, decision-making can be more difficult. But this doesn’t always have to be a negative, as the decision-making and overall process could also be more efficient.


As the blockchain space begins to grow even more, it is expected that these processes will become even easier to use, especially for new adopters who are entering this space as it can be a daunting process. This combined with new platforms and constant blockchain improvements, Web2 and Web3 integration will likely be adopted at greater levels, and RWAs will enter as a whole new market regime.

The added value from such efficient processes will be a massive factor in adoption levels — especially with the removal of the middleman that’s required with many processes within the real world and Web2 space (like with real estate, where it can take months to complete).

RWAs provide a whole new level of sustainability and could be a leading narrative in the Web3 space for years to come. It is certainly an exciting time to be involved and it will be interesting to see how it evolves.

The information provided here is not investment, tax or financial advice. You should consult with a licensed professional for advice concerning your specific situation.

Ilias Salvatore is the brand/product lead of — the easy place to buy, trade and track crypto with real-time data and alerts. 

This article was published through Cointelegraph Innovation Circle, a vetted organization of senior executives and experts in the blockchain technology industry who are building the future through the power of connections, collaboration and thought leadership. Opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect those of Cointelegraph.


Coinbase holds 5% of all Bitcoin in existence: Data

letizo News



Blockchain intelligence platform Arkham recently identified that crypto exchange Coinbase holds almost 1 million Bitcoin (BTC) in its wallets. The coins are worth more than $25 billion at current market prices for BTC. 

According to Arkham, the exchange’s holdings amount to almost 5% of all existing Bitcoin. Arkham said that Coinbase holds a total of 947,755 BTC. At the moment, Bitcoin’s circulating supply is around 19,493,537, according to coin information website CoinGecko.

Furthermore, Arkham also noted that it tagged and identified 36 million Bitcoin deposit and holding addresses used by the exchange. According to Arkham, Coinbase’s largest cold wallet holds around 10,000 BTC. Based on the exchange’s financial reports, the intelligence company believes that Coinbase has more Bitcoin that are not yet labeled and could not be identified. 

While Coinbase holds over $25 billion in BTC in its wallets, the exchange only owns around 10,000 of all the Bitcoin it holds, which is worth roughly $200 million, according to recent data.

Related: Bitcoin mining can help reduce up to 8% of global emissions: Report

Meanwhile, community members expressed varying reactions to the news about the amount of Bitcoin the centralized exchange holds. Some believe it’s a sign to withdraw their BTC from exchanges, warning holders not to wait until exchanges start to halt withdrawals. Others say that since there are legitimate concerns over cold wallets, there’s no good way to store their assets.

When it comes to Bitcoin ownership by companies, business intelligence firm MicroStrategy still owns the most BTC. In earnings results posted on Aug. 1, the firm’s co-founder Michael Saylor declared that the company owns 152,800 BTC, worth over $4 billion at the time of writing.

Magazine: How to protect your crypto in a volatile market: Bitcoin OGs and experts weigh in

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Coinbase CEO warns against AI regulation, calls for decentralization

letizo News



Brian Armstrong, the CEO of crypto exchange Coinbase, expressed his stance on artificial intelligence (AI) regulation in a recent post on the social media platform X (formerly Twitter). 

On Sept. 23, Armstrong explained that he believes that AI should not be regulated. According to the Coinbase CEO, the AI space needs to develop as soon as possible because of reasons such as national security. In addition, Armstrong also noted that despite the best intentions of regulators, regulation “has unintended consequences,” arguing that it kills innovation and competition.

The Coinbase executive cited the internet as an example. Armstrong believes there was a “golden age of innovation” on the internet and software because it was not regulated. The Coinbase CEO suggested the same should be applied to AI technology. 

Furthermore, Armstrong also presented an alternative to regulation in terms of protecting the AI space. According to the executive, it would be better to “decentralize it and open source it to let the cat out of the bag.”

Related: Tether acquires stake in Bitcoin miner Northern Data, hinting at AI collaboration

Meanwhile, various jurisdictions across the globe have either started to regulate AI or express concerns about its potential effects. On Aug. 15, China’s provisional guidelines for AI activity and management came into effect. The regulations were published on July 10 and were a joint effort between six of the country’s government agencies. This is the first set of AI rules implemented within the country amid the recent AI boom.

In the United Kingdom, the competition regulator studied AI in order to identify its potential impact on competition and consumers. On Sept. 18, the U.K.’s Competition and Markets Authority concluded that while AI has the potential to change people’s work and lives, the changes may happen too fast and could have a significant impact on competition.

Magazine: ‘AI has killed the industry’: EasyTranslate boss on adapting to change

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Bitcoin miners double down on efficiency and renewable energy at the World Digital Mining Summit

letizo News



Bitmain rolled out its next-generation Antminer S21 and S21 Hydro ASIC miners at the World Digital Mining Summit (WDMS) in Hong Kong on Sept. 22, revealing the crucial performance stats the entire industry has been waiting for. The S21 has a hash rate of 200 terahashes per second (TH/s) and an efficiency of 17.5 joules per terahash (J/T), while the S21 hydro hashes at 335 TH/s and 16 J/T, which is notable given that until recently, most Bitcoin ASICS were operating above the 20 J/T level.

With electricity costs continuing to rise year-over-year and the Bitcoin halving projected to occur in April 2024, ASIC efficiency is quickly becoming the paramount focus of miners, and many are also pivoting toward folding in renewable energy sources as a core component of their operations.

Bitcoin miners focus on efficiency and renewable energy

Sustainable development in the mining industry was a core theme discussed in a majority of the panels at the WDMS. In the opening roundtable, team members from Terrawulf, Core Scientific, CleanSpark and Iris Energy shared their perspectives on how further integration of renewable energy sources will become a critical strategy to implement for many miners after the April 2024 Bitcoin supply halving.

Bitmain World Digital Mining Summit. Source: Cointelegraph

According to Nazar Khan, Terrawulf’s chief operating officer:

“There’s a significant transition going on in the supply side of the generation process; there’s a concerted effort to decarbonize the entire supply stack, and so when we talk about Bitcoin miners consuming more renewable energy, that’s part of a broader theme that’s happening across the United States without Bitcoin mining as well. The role that we play is locating our Bitcoin mining loads in places where that’s happening and how do we facilitate that decarbonization process.“

One impact of the upcoming supply halving is that miners will maintain the same capital and operational costs, plus the need to pay down any revolving debts, while essentially seeing their block reward distribution cut in half.

For this reason, miners will either need to increase the percentage of their hash rate derived from sustainable energy sources or make efficiency adjustments to their ASIC fleet to maintain or increase their profitability.

Regarding the rollout of the Antminer XP 21 and its potential impact on the mining industry, BMC founder Justin Kramer said:

“The S21, if reliable, fairly priced and readily available — and yes, that’s a lot of ifs with Bitmain’s history — could revolutionize the crypto mining landscape with its efficiency. It is basically packing the power of two S19 100T miners into one unit. Despite this, the burgeoning aftermarket firmware market, coupled with hydro/immersion systems, give miners more tools to keep older generation miners, such as the S19, profitable also. Thus, while the S21 represents a notable advancement, it may not render sub 110 TH/s miners entirely obsolete.”

When asked about the more exciting aspects of the new S19 XP, Kramer noted that:

“I like that Bitmain is rewarding environmentally friendly mining farms with better pricing and advanced delivery with their new Carbon Neutral Certificate. But, I’ll add that, it was a little surprising when I noticed that both new S21 models offer 33% more hash rate (S21 200T versus 151T on S19j XP; S21 hydro is 335T versus the S19 XP Hydro at 257T). Is this a coincidence? I’m doubtful, and it likely signals more of the same systematic model releases from Bitmain where a slight tweak to the firmware and maybe a few other items that are adjusted results in a moderate increase in hash rate and a brand-new miner.”

Bitcoin is en route to becoming an ESG asset

A theme of the past few years has been an increase in Bitcoin miners and BTC advocates pushing back against the assertion that Bitcoin mining is bad for the environment, and that the industry’s reliance on carbon-based energy production accelerates emissions.

Countering this perspective, Hong Kong Sustaintech Foundation professor in accounting and finance, Haitian Lu, bluntly announced that:

“Bitcoin mining is promoting renewable energy adoption in many areas.”

Lu explained that “over the years, Bitcoin mining has become more efficient and is also using cleaner energy. History tells us that human development from an agricultural society to industrialization to the future of a digitalized economy goes with every increasing energy consumption per capita. What makes the difference is human’s ability to use renewable energy increases, thus achieving sustainable development.”

Like the perspectives shared by other panelists, Lu said that Bitcoin miners’ participation in demand response agreements with power producers and distributors leads to energy grid efficiency, and they “provide an economic incentive for the development of renewable energy “promotion and development of renewable energy projects.”

In addition to Bitcoin mining tapping into stranded energy, encouraging the development of renewable energy projects and helping to balance electric grids, the efficiency advancements of next-generation ASICs like the Antminer S21 reduce miners’ energy consumption while also allowing them to boost their profits.

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