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Mexico City metro accident partly due to lack of maintenance, third audit finds

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© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Soldiers stand as rescuers work at a site where an overpass for a metro partially collapsed with train cars on it at Olivos station in Mexico City, Mexico, May 4, 2021. REUTERS/Luis Cortes/File Photo

By Dave Graham and Diego Oré

MEXICO CITY (Reuters) – An auditor’s third report on a deadly Mexico City metro accident last year for the first time identified maintenance shortcomings as one of four causes of the collapse of the rail overpass, according to an unpublished version of the study seen by Reuters.

A Mexico City official familiar with the document confirmed the authenticity of the report by Norwegian firm DNV, which was produced at the behest of the city’s government to determine the cause of the crash that killed 26 people.

It was meant to be the last of the auditor’s three reports since the May 3, 2021, crash on the Line 12 metro service, and it was the first one to cite maintenance as a main cause, according to a Reuters review of the studies published by the city.

Spanish newspaper El Pais published details of the report on Monday. Reuters was unable to establish who leaked the report and for what reason.

The report identifies what it calls four “barriers” which, had they been in place, would have prevented the overpass collapse. Three related to the design, construction and process of supervising the works.

The last point addressed maintenance. In its findings, DNV said it had received “no evidence” that the required inspections on the metro line were performed.

According to the DNV report, the maintenance manual for the Line 12 stipulates that inspections of the structure are carried out quarterly, semi-annually and annually depending on how old the components are.

“The failure to conduct inspections of the viaduct and adhere to the inspection requirements of the maintenance manual is a root cause of the failure,” the final report states.

Who exactly is responsible for performing the inspection work was “not clearly specified,” it said.

What caused the accident is politically sensitive because the line was built when Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard was mayor of the city from 2006 to 2012, and it collapsed 2 1/2 years into the term of the current mayor, Claudia Sheinbaum.

The two are among the top contenders to become Mexico’s next president when elections are held in 2024, opinion polls show.

The report has yet to be made public because Sheinbaum’s administration – which hired DNV – has rejected the findings, saying they were biased and the methodology flawed.

Sheinbaum, who entered city hall in December 2018, told a news conference on Monday the final DNV report had a “political bias.”

To support her claim, she reiterated her assertion that the firm used a lawyer prejudiced against the government to help craft the report, and said that DNV had leaked the findings, breaching a confidentiality agreement.

The city previously identified the lawyer as Hector Salomon Galindo, who held jobs in the previous government. He could not be reached for comment.

Sheinbaum also said on Monday maintenance of the line had not been a problem and that the inspection logs were public.

DNV last week in a statement defended its findings and methodology, and responded to Sheinbaum’s assertions about the lawyer by saying the report was produced without the involvement of anyone with a conflict of interest.

DNV did not respond to a request for comment on Monday. It also did not respond to repeated requests for comment on details of the leaked study or why maintenance issues were not flagged in the earlier reports made public by the city.

Sheinbaum, who last week called the report “deficient, poorly executed, with technical problems, tendentious and wrong,” said the city was in the process of terminating DNV’s contract and filing a lawsuit against the firm, because it had diverged from the methodology agreed in its contract.

Asked for comment about the leaked report’s findings ahead of Monday’s news conference, the mayor’s office said the briefing would set out the city’s position.

Ebrard’s ministry said it had no comment on the media reports. The office of his successor as mayor, Miguel Mancera, did not immediately reply to a request for comment.

Although the report became public this week, the copy seen by Reuters was dated Oct. 28. Reuters was unable to ascertain whether it was later revised.

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U.S. to allow baby formula imports amid nationwide shortage

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© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Empty shelves show a shortage of baby formula at CVS in San Antonio, Texas, U.S. May 10, 2022. REUTERS/Kaylee Greenlee Beal/File Photo

By Ahmed Aboulenein and Eric Beech

WASHINGTON (Reuters) -The United States will allow baby formula imports from foreign makers that do not usually sell their products here, the Food and Drug Administration said on Monday, as it tries to ease a nationwide shortage that has left parents scrambling to feed their babies.

The temporary move could help put more formula onto U.S. shelves in a few weeks, a U.S. FDA official said during a news briefing. Foreign makers will need to meet a list of safety and nutritional standards provided by the FDA.

U.S. baby formula has been in low stock after a February recall of baby powder formula and plant closure by one of the nation’s main manufacturers, Abbott Laboratories (NYSE:ABT). The FDA was investigating after reports that four babies who had been fed formula made there became ill from Cronobacter sakazakii infections.

The FDA and Abbott agreed on Monday on the steps needed to reopen the plant, which an FDA official said could happen in the near term. The company said it would restart the plant within two weeks after the FDA confirms it has met these requirements.

In its investigation, the FDA found bacteria contamination in environmental samples taken at the site and noted problems such as standing water and improper sanitization of footwear.

Abbott said in a statement that there is no conclusive evidence to link Abbott’s formulas to these infant illnesses. It also said the investigation found no contamination in finished product.

“We have been working to address the FDA’s observations so we can restart operations,” the company said in a statement on Monday.

The shortage of Abbott formula has been compounded by supply-chain snags and historic inflation, leaving about 40% of baby formula products out of stock nationwide, data shows.

“We know many parents and caregivers are feeling frustrated by their inability to access needed or desired infant formula and critical medical foods. Please know that we at the FDA are doing everything in our power to address these challenges as quickly as possible,” FDA Commissioner Robert Califf said.

He encouraged formula makers to increase their supply and the FDA said some including Gerber, part of Nestle SA (SIX:NESN), and Reckitt Benckiser Group Plc (LON:RKT) had already done so.

FDA officials said during the briefing that the agency’s ability to determine a causal link between the consumption of the product from the plant and the four cases of bacterial infections was hindered by the fact that it only had genetic sequences available on two of the infections.

Abbott has shipped to the United States millions of cans of formula from its FDA-approved Ireland facility.

The White House separately said it was continuing talks with the major formula manufacturers to identify logistical hurdles and provide any transportation support that could help them and major retailers get formula to where it is needed.

“This is principally an issue of production more than goods movement,” Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg told reporters at a White House briefing.

A White House official earlier said the government has offered transportation and logistics support to Abbott as well as Reckitt Benckiser, Nestle and Perrigo Co (NYSE:PRGO) Plc, in addition to top retailers such as Target Corp (NYSE:TGT), Amazon.com Inc (NASDAQ:AMZN) and Walmart (NYSE:WMT) Inc.

Congress this week also plans to address infant formula rules regarding the Women, Infants and Children program, a federal assistance nutrition program administered by U.S. states, as well as emergency funding to shore up supplies.

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Ukrainian troops evacuate from Mariupol, ceding control to Russia

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6/6

© Reuters. A bus carrying wounded service members of Ukrainian forces from the besieged Azovstal steel mill in Mariupol drives under escort of the pro-Russian military in the course of Ukraine-Russia conflict upon arrival in Novoazovsk, Ukraine May 16, 2022. REUTERS

2/6

By Natalia Zinets

KYIV/NOVOAZOVSK, Ukraine (Reuters) – Ukraine’s military said on Tuesday it was working to evacuate all remaining troops from their last stronghold in the besieged port of Mariupol, ceding control of the city to Russia after months of bombardment.

The evacuation likely marked the end of the longest and bloodiest battle of the Ukraine war and a significant defeat for Ukraine. Mariupol is now in ruins after a Russian siege that Ukraine says killed tens of thousands of people in the city.

With the rest of Mariupol firmly in Russian hands, hundreds of Ukrainian troops and civilians had holed up beneath the city’s Azovstal steelworks. Civilians inside were evacuated in recent weeks, and more than 260 troops, some of them wounded, left the plant for Russian-controlled areas late on Monday.

“The ‘Mariupol’ garrison has fulfilled its combat mission,” the General Staff of Ukraine’s Armed Forces said in a statement announcing evacuations.

“The supreme military command ordered the commanders of the units stationed at Azovstal to save the lives of the personnel… Defenders of Mariupol are the heroes of our time,” it added.

Ukraine’s deputy defence minister said 53 injured troops from the Azovstal steelworks were taken to a hospital in the Russian-controlled town of Novoazovsk, some 32 kilometres (20 miles) to the east.

Another 211 people were taken to the town of Olenivka, in an area controlled by Russian-backed separatists, Deputy Defence Minister Anna Malyar said. All of the evacuees will be subject to a potential prisoner exchange with Russia, she added.

It was not clear how many troops remained in Azovstal. Ukraine’s military said efforts were under way to evacuate those still inside.

Reuters saw five buses carrying troops from Azovstal arrive in Novoazovsk late on Monday. Some of the evacuated troops were wounded and carried out of the buses on stretchers. Some 600 troops were believed to have been inside the steel plant.

“We hope that we will be able to save the lives of our guys,” Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelenskiy said in an early morning address. “There are severely wounded ones among them. They’re receiving care. Ukraine needs Ukrainian heroes alive.”

Arriving in Novoazovsk in a bus marked with Z, a symbol for Russia’s invasion, men could be seen stacked on stretchers on three levels. They stared out the windows without reacting. One man was wheeled out, his head tightly wrapped in thick bandages.

Since Russia launched its invasion in February, Mariupol’s devastation has become a symbol both of Ukraine’s resistance and of Russia’s willingness to devastate Ukrainian cities that hold out.

The first evacuations late on Monday came hours after Russia said it had agreed to evacuate wounded Ukrainian soldiers to a medical facility in Novoazovsk.

LVIV EXPLOSIONS, KHARKIV FIGHTING

Moscow calls its nearly three-month-old invasion a “special military operation” to rid Ukraine of fascists, an assertion Kyiv and its Western allies say is a baseless pretext for an unprovoked war.

Russia’s invading forces have run into apparent setbacks, with troops forced out of the north and the environs of Kyiv in late March. A Ukrainian counterattack in recent days has driven Russian forces out of the area near Kharkiv, the biggest city in the east.

Areas around Kyiv and the western city of Lviv, near the Polish border, have continued to come under Russian attack. A series of explosions struck Lviv early on Tuesday, a Reuters witness said. There were no immediate reports of casualties or damage.

On Monday, Ukraine’s defence ministry troops had advanced all the way to the Russian border, about 40 km north of Kharkiv.

The successes near Kharkiv could let Ukraine attack supply lines for Russia’s main offensive, grinding on further south in the Donbas region, where Moscow has been launching mass assaults for a month yet achieving only small gains.

PUTIN CLIMBDOWN OVER NATO

Russian President Vladimir Putin appeared on Monday to climb down from threats to retaliate against Sweden and Finland for announcing plans to join the U.S.-led NATO military alliance.

“As far as expansion goes, including new members Finland and Sweden, Russia has no problems with these states – none. And so in this sense there is no immediate threat to Russia from an expansion to include these countries,” Putin said.

The comments appeared to mark a major shift in rhetoric, after years of casting NATO enlargement as a direct threat to Russia’s security, including citing it as a justification for the invasion of Ukraine itself.

Soon before Putin spoke, Russia’s deputy foreign minister, Sergei Ryabkov, said Finland and Sweden were making a mistake that would have far-reaching consequences: “They should have no illusions that we will simply put up with it.”

Putin said NATO enlargement was being used by the United States in an “aggressive” way to aggravate an already difficult global security situation, and that Russia would respond if the alliance moves weapons or troops forward.

“The expansion of military infrastructure into this territory would certainly provoke our response. What that (response) will be – we will see what threats are created for us,” Putin said.

Finland and Sweden, both non-aligned throughout the Cold War, say they now want the protection offered by NATO’s treaty, under which an attack on any member is an attack on all.

“We are leaving one era behind us and entering a new one,” Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson said, announcing plans to formally abandon militarily non-aligned status – a cornerstone of national identity for more than 200 years.

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U.S. Air force says it conducted successful hypersonic weapon test

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WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The U.S. Air Force said on Monday it had conducted a successful test of a hypersonic weapon, which flew at five times the speed of sound.

The test was conducted on Saturday off the coast of Southern California when a B-52 bomber released an Air-launched Rapid Response Weapon, the Air Force said in a statement.

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