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Europe back to coal: Will the transition from gas to coal be easy for Europe?

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Europe back to coal. With acute power shortages, most of the EU faces significant challenges in transitioning from gas to coal, especially when Russia has begun reducing gas supplies, according to Business Insider.

Germany is an exception to the rule, as many of its coal-fired power plants have not been decommissioned.

While the rest of Europe is preparing for a hard and harsh winter with heating shortages for offices and apartments, Germany has remembered the cheap and dirty source of energy – coal – to provide enough heat before the cold weather arrives.

According to Rystad Energy, this year Germany increased its coal-fired power generation more than any other country in Europe – by 18.2%, indicating an accelerated transition to an alternative fuel source.

Coal in European history has played an important role, but before the recent events, all developed countries tried to abandon it. And today, in addition to Germany, Austria, the Netherlands and Italy are also considering reusing coal, but for other European countries switching to coal may prove much more difficult.

There is one obvious problem in the way of this bold plan, though: record-low water levels in the Rhine River, which carries goods such as coal, chemicals, and grain. The Rhine has shrunk due to a severe heat wave, leading the government to worry about possible coal shortages due to reduced inland navigation on the river.

But even with this problem solved, according to the International Energy Agency, the global energy market will be “extremely tight” in the third and fourth quarters of this year due to restrictions on energy imports from Russia, which means we need to prepare for a very harsh winter and look for other alternatives.

Earlier we reported that experts predicted an increase in the price of French fries and chips in Europe due to drought.

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Bloomberg: UAE to boost oil production beyond plan by 2025

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UAE to boost oil production. One of Russia’s main competitors for oil exports plans to reach five million barrels per day by 2025. The Middle Eastern country was initially expected to reach this level only by 2030, Bloomberg reported, citing sources.

“Energy concern Abu Dhabi National Oil Co. (Adnoc), which produces almost all of the UAE’s oil, wants to be able to produce 5 million barrels a day by 2025. The company planned to reach such a level only by 2030,” – says the material.

But a crude oil production boost will be difficult without additional financing for expenses for the project. Adnoc explained the acceleration of production increase by the policy of the leading countries of the world on accelerated energy transition to renewable energy sources (RES).

“As we embrace the energy transition and focus our business on the future, we will continue to explore potential opportunities that can further add value, free up capital and improve profitability,” the Arab oil company said.

To realize the goal, Adnoc has asked international companies that are partners in its oil fields to increase long-term crude production by 10% or more, sources said. In the case of positive results of the negotiations, the UAE will be able to significantly increase the volume of oil production by 2025, concludes Bloomberg.

On September 19, the Times of India, citing sources in the Indian Ministry of Commerce, reported that the Asian country has saved since February 2022, $439.7 million on imports from Russia of oil at a discount. A total of about 62.5 million barrels of Russian crude were purchased by Indian state and private companies over the last six months. Moreover, volumes of imports have increased many times over as compared to 2021.

Earlier, we reported that Nigeria stopped benefiting from the sale of Nigerian oil due to the lack of dollars.

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FT: Nigeria stopped benefiting from Nigeria crude oil sales due to lack of dollars

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Nigeria’s crude oil sales used to grow steadily. But now the country, which is considered one of the world’s largest oil exporters, is facing a crisis. The country is short of dollars, and the factor of “massive theft” has only exacerbated the problems of the African state, reports the Financial Times.

“Since the beginning of the year, Nigeria’s foreign exchange reserves have fallen by 5%, to $38 billion. Restrictions on the purchase of dollars and the resulting deficit has led to the emergence of a black currency market. $1 is worth 420 naira at the official exchange rate and 700 naira on the black market,” the paper said.

Because of increasing corruption in the country, Nigeria, the world’s tenth largest oil exporter, can no longer increase production of crude oil. Nigerian crude oil buyers are not happy with this fact. The African state exports a little more than half of the established OPEC quota – 1.1 million barrels per day, instead of the required 1.8 million.

Despite all the difficulties going on in Nigeria’s economy, Timipre Silva, the African country’s Minister of State for Petroleum, announced plans to increase liquefied natural gas (LNG) exports to Europe by the coming winter. According to him, to realize this goal, it is necessary to improve safety in Nigeria’s fields and infrastructure.

Earlier we reported that coffee stocks in Brazil in six months will approach a record low level

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Coffee exporters in Brazil: coffee stocks in Brazil in six months will approach a record low level

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Coffee exporters in Brazil said that coffee stocks in the largest coffee-producing country in the world – Brazil – in six months will fall to a record low level. This was written by Bloomberg agency about the statement of the president of the National Council of Brazilian Coffee Silas Brasileiro.

According to his forecast, stocks of coffee in Brazil’s coffee supply companies by March will drop to 7 million bags, whereas analysts consider a comfortable level of 9-12 million bags of 60 kg each.

Cecafe Exporters Group board member Nelson Carvallaish said the country’s coffee stocks are so small that even if next year’s crop is good, Brazil will barely have enough coffee to meet demand.” “We just need rain,” he concluded.

In August, The Wall Street Journal wrote that the price of coffee could rise seriously by the end of 2022 because of Brazil’s poor harvest. 

Earlier we reported that aluminum production in China in August reached a record 3.51 million tons.



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