The main results of 2022 in key sectors of the crypto industry
Crypto 2022 report We should start with DeFi. While the previous year was favorable to the decentralized finance (DeFi) industry, 2022 was marked by a crypto winter and high-profile collapses of several major cryptocurrency companies, the latest of which was the bankruptcy of the FTX exchange.
As DApp Radar analysts wrote in a voluminous report, negative factors for the industry in 2022 were the military conflict in Ukraine, the collapse of projects Terra Luna and FTX, as well as the general decline in cryptocurrency prices.
This led to a significant drawdown in the total amount of funds blocked in DeFi Protocols (TVL). Thus, immediately after the Terra USD crash, TVL value collapsed from $158 billion in April to $89 billion in May.
Overall, according to DApp Radar, the decentralized applications segment has shown great resilience and maturity, and has continued to drive innovation. The continued massive adoption of blockchain and smart contracts by consumers and companies bodes well for the industry’s future.
2022 crypto market — Proof-of-Stake
In September 2022, the entire Ethereum mainnet moved from the extremely energy-intensive Proof-of-Work (PoW) mechanism to the energy-efficient Proof of Ownership (Proof-of-Stake, PoS) algorithm as part of the long-awaited Merge update. The Merge update was the most significant in Ethereum history, but by no means the final one.
2022 crypto market — Non-exchangeable tokens
Non-exchangeable tokens (NFT) prices in 2022 proved to be more stable compared to cryptocurrency rates. According to onchain indicators, NFT trading volumes were mostly stagnant, showing an increase of only 0.41% y/y. However, the number of unique traders soared by a dizzying 876% to 10.6 million users. At the same time, total NFT sales rose 10.6% to $68.35 million.
The main feature of this year was the massive development of this space by traditional heavyweight brands. At the very beginning of 2022, it became known that the NFT segment began to be taken over by Twitter, and PayPal announced its integration with MetaMask.
2022 crypto market — Web3
The increased interest in Web3 projects in the metaclass segment by well-known luxury brands (such as Nike) is promising for the industry, as it will boost the mass adoption processes of NFT and Web3 technologies among the public.
During periods of increased volatility in cryptocurrency exchange rates, USD-linked stablecoins have attracted a lot of attention. However, in 2022, market participants will have had to deal with such unpleasant phenomena as the decoupling of stablecoins from the dollar. The TerraUSD debacle in May was a real shock to the crypto market and led to the collapse of a lot of cryptocurrencies.
Earlier, we reported that the cryptocurrency community fears that BNB will repeat FTT’s fate.
US Bitcoin supply fell over 10% in the past year
Bitcoin is increasingly active in Asia as U.S. supply share dwindles over the past two years. Bitcoin abandoned the United States during the 2022 bear market, new research suggests. In a tweet on June 8, on-chain analytics firm Glassnode revealed some surprising conclusions about who is now using Bitcoin.
BTC supply moves to Asia
The past year has seen some seismic shifts in where Bitcoin is held and traded. In its latest analysis of the BTC supply, Glassnode measured its migration around the world — notably, away from the U.S. and toward Asia. Since mid-2022, the amount of the supply held and traded by U.S. entities has decreased by more than 10%.
At the same time, Europe’s share has stayed roughly equal, translating to a redistribution from west to east.
“A clear divergence is visible in the year-over-year BTC supply change based on geographical regions. The extreme dominance of US entities in 2020-21 has clearly reversed, with US supply dominance falling by 11% since mid-2022,” Glassnode researchers commented.
“European markets have been fairly neutral over the last year, whilst a significant increase in supply dominance is visible across Asian trading hours.”
The metric used to measure the phenomenon, Year-over-Year Supply Change, is a probabilistic tool that makes assumptions over BTC supply ownership based on the time at which it moves.
“Geolocation of Bitcoin supply is performed probabilistically at the entity level. The timestamps of all transactions created by an entity are correlated with the working hours of different geographical regions to determine the probabilities for each entity being located in the US, Europe, or Asia,” Glassnode explains in its guidance notes.
TheYear-over-year Supply Change shows the U.S. share beginning to decline in March 2021 but accelerating beginning in May this year.
Coinbase CEO says U.S. must “seize” crypto opportunities
The findings come as the geopolitical landscape around crypto sees major upheaval of its own. Hong Kong began allowing exchanges to offer trading this month, while in the West, U.S. legal proceedings against major exchanges marked something of a watershed moment for the industry.
In an opinion piece for MarketWatch, Brian Armstrong, CEO of Coinbase — one of the targets of the legal action — warned that poor regulation would disadvantage the United States.
“Smart—and bespoke—regulation in the 1990s and early 2000s enabled the U.S. to define the Internet Age,” he wrote.
“Just like then, now is the time for Congress to seize the historic opportunity presented by crypto, and pass comprehensive legislation that safeguards consumers and fosters innovation.”
On the topic of Hong Kong, Armstrong added that China pushing the crypto narrative was “no surprise.”
Gary Gensler: Crypto market is like 1920s stock market, full of ‘fraudsters’
Gensler argued that securities laws helped prevent stock market scams once they were passed in the 1930s and can benefit the crypto market of today.
In a June 8 speech at the Piper Sandler Global Exchange & Fintech Conference, United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Chair Gary Gensler compared the current crypto market to the 1920s U.S. stock market, saying that it is full of “hucksters,” “fraudsters” and “Ponzi schemes.” Just as Congress cleaned up the stock market by enacting securities laws, the current SEC can also clean up the crypto market by applying these laws, he argued.
In the talk, Gensler praised the Securities Act of 1933 and Securities Exchange Act of 1934, claiming that these laws allowed the U.S. securities markets to “thrive” over the next 88 years. He argued that the “crypto securities markets” of today should also benefit from these laws, as they are not “less deserving of the protections” the laws provide.
Pointing to a court ruling against Telegram Open Network, Gensler argued that crypto asset securities are not exempt from securities laws even if they have utility.
“Some promoters of crypto asset securities contend that their token has a function beyond simply being an investment vehicle,” Gensler stated. “As the courts in the Telegram case and others have said, however, some additional utility does not remove a crypto asset security from the definition of an investment contract.”
This means that crypto security exchanges must comply with securities laws, including the requirement to separate “the exchange, broker-dealer and clearing functions,” Gensler stated. In his view, this separation “helps mitigate the conflicts that can arise with the commingling of such services.”
Gensler denied that this separation isn’t possible, saying that separating these three functions simply requires work.
The SEC head argued that the current crypto market is rife with scams that have arisen because of the industry’s lack of compliance with securities laws, stating:
“With wide-ranging noncompliance, frankly, it’s not surprising that we’ve seen many problems in these markets. We’ve seen this story before. It’s reminiscent of what we had in the 1920s before the federal securities laws were put in place. Hucksters. Fraudsters. Scam artists. Ponzi schemes.”
The solution, in Gensler’s view, is to make sure that crypto securities issuers comply with the law. This is because these scams are “more likely to happen in markets whose issuers and intermediaries fail to comply with foundational laws.”
As chair of the SEC, Gensler has been heavily criticized within the crypto industry, especially since the SEC filed lawsuits against crypto exchanges Binance and Coinbase. Critics say he has an overly expansive view of the SEC’s regulatory authority and is driving innovation out of the U.S.
Binance vs. SEC: How low can BNB price go?
BNB is clinging on to its short-term bullish bias amid the Binance-SEC fiasco, but a 30% price decline is still on the cards.
The market capitalization of BNB has dropped by more than $7 billion since June 5, when the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filed a lawsuit against Binance.
BNB price eyes technical bounce
The impact of the SEC lawsuit on Binance has been substantial so far, with BNB down nearly 15% week-to-date.
On June 6, the SEC requested the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia to freeze Binance’s U.S. assets worldwide. The order, if passed, will likely force the exchange to repatriate “fiat currency and crypto assets deposited, held, traded, and accrued by customers” at its U.S. platform.
Meanwhile, Binance’s U.S. entity halted trading for several pairs, including Bitcoin, Tether and BUSD.
Theoretically, these events risk stirring people’s BNB buying sentiment, given it has been incorporated as a utility token in the Binance ecosystem.
However, technicals paint a potentially different picture, at least in the short term. The BNB/USD pair looks prepared for a short-term bounce, given it trades around a critical support level and its daily relative strength index (RSI) has entered the “oversold” region below 30.
In this case, BNB price will likely eye its descending trendline resistance point near $280 as its next upside target in June, up around 7% from current price levels.
On the other hand, BNB’s decisive close below its multimonth ascending trendline support means that $240 should be watched as a potential downside target in June. Down around 10% from current price levels, this level appears out of the rising wedge breakdown scenario (purple).
Binance’s BNB token to $180 in 2023?
Independent market analyst TraderSZ believes BNB could drop toward the 2022 low of $180 owing to the ongoing Binance-SEC battle. Interestingly, the ongoing breakdown of a descending triangle pattern for BNB price suggests the same.
Descending triangles are typically viewed as bearish continuation patterns in a general downtrend. They typically resolve when the price breaks below their lower trendline support with the price dropping by as much as their maximum height.
As a result, BNB risks falling toward its triangle target of around $180 in 2023, down around 30% from current price levels.
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