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U.S. Treasury sued over sanctions against Tornado Cash blockchain

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how to use tornado cash

A nonprofit organization Coin Center, sued the U.S. Treasury Department over the imposition of sanctions against Tornado Cash blockchain. This is reported in the lawsuit, a copy of which is posted on the organization’s website.

The plaintiff’s position is as follows: the sanctions violate the constitutional rights of U.S. citizens, because Americans use the mixer to protect their property. The U.S. Treasury Department didn’t address the more important aspects of the problem and also exceeded its authority. The Treasury Department has no authority to criminalize technology because it can only apply to people.

U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen as well as Director of the Office of Foreign Assets Control Andrea Gaki were named as defendants in the case.

In August, U.S. Treasury Department-controlled entities imposed sanctions on Tornado Cash’s $7 billion laundering mixer starting in 2019. How to use Tornado Cash according to regulators? The smart contract helped North Korean hacker group Lazarus Group launder $455 million in stolen cryptocurrency. Tornado Cash also helped launder more than $96 million in the Harmony heist, and $7.8 million from the Nomad hack.

Shortly after the announcement of the sanctions, Circle, the issuer of one of the most capitalized Stablecoins, USD Coin (USDC), froze 75,000 USDC of cryptomixer users and the 149 USDC the project received in donations. Analysts at The Block Research found that transfers to the platform were down 78.5% compared to the period before the announcement of sanctions against Tornado Cash.

We previously reported that the Dominican Republic would issue a national currency based on the blockchain TRON.

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ETH inflation after Merge started rising again for the first time since November

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current ETH inflation rate

The annual ETH inflation after Merge has once again turned positive for the first time since early November.

According to ultrasound.money, the annual ETH inflation rate rose 0.08% to 622,000 ETH as of December 6. At the same time, the annual ETH burn rate is 527,000 ETH. This news will also have a negative impact on the current price of Ethereum.

Meanwhile, back in early November, the volume of ETH being burned was overtaking issuance, making the cryptocurrency deflationary.

The cryptocurrency exchange site Uniswap V3 had the most commissions burned (~4192.1 ETH burned in the last thirty days). In second place were commissions burned for ETH transactions on the Ethereum network (3195 ETH). The three most active projects were closed by the USDT Stablecoin smart contract, through which ~2593 ETH was burned.

Almost in a month the Ethereum network burned over 50 000 ETH, and every minute about 1.2 ETH are burned in commissions.

Method for calculating current ETH inflation rate

Recall that before Ethereum switched to Proof-of-Stake algorithm, the amount of ETH issued per day was calculated by the formula: reward per block for miners and pay for PoS-stackers – ETH burned. However, after the transition to PoS, rewards for mined blocks are no longer generated at the execution level or on the main Ethereum network.

Given that the issue at the execution level after the transition to PoS is zero, the number of new ETH is now calculated as follows: the reward for PoS-stackers is burned tokens. At the time of writing, the ETH rate in the ETH/USD trading pair is $1,261, according to Nomics. The market capitalization at the same time is fixed at $154.5 billion.

Previously, we reported on What’s wrong with proving cryptocurrency reserves and why the cryptocurrency community doesn’t believe in it.

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British Ministry of Finance wants to restrict the crypto business in the country – media

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The British Treasury is finalizing a package of rules to restrict the crypto business. It was reported by the Financial Times, referring to the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) of Great Britain.

The list of new rules includes restrictions on foreign cryptocurrency businesses in the UK; provisions on how businesses should act in case of bankruptcy, as well as requirements for advertising cryptocurrencies. This news will also have a negative impact on the current price of Ethereum and the cryptocurrency market.

Sources close to the British Ministry of Finance said in a media commentary that the ministry also intends to expand the FCA’s crypto restrictions and supervision over the cryptocurrency market. Details, however, remain unclear. Officially, the timetable for considering a new set of rules for the crypto market remains unknown. but media reports indicate that the British authorities may start consultations as early as early 2023.

In early November 2022, the Committee on Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) in the U.K. The House of Commons announced the launch of a study into non-interchangeable tokens (NFT) and blockchain technology.

DCMS committee chair Julian Knight MP said that NFTs burst into the digital world so quickly that there was no time to stop and think. Now that the market is changing dramatically and there are fears that the bubble may burst, it is necessary to understand the risks, the benefits of this disruptive technology, and to formulate regulatory requirements for it, he stressed.

Amid the collapse of the FTX crypto exchange, UK authorities are discussing many initiatives to regulate the crypto market. Rishi Sunak, who took over as prime minister after the short reign of Liz Truss, played no small role here. Sunak is considered a key supporter of cryptocurrency in the government circles of the country.

Previously, we reported that Tether claims its USDT loans are “over-secured.”.

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For the first time, a Chinese court recognized that NFT is virtual ownership

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Collections of NFTs have been recognized as virtual property under current Chinese law. The court in Hangzhou ruled.

The ruling states that NFTs have property rights characteristics such as value, rarity, manageability, and saleability. The court described virtuality and the technology that provides it as unique attributes of the assets. Whether this will have a positive effect on the current price of Bitcoin, we will see soon enough.

The case was heard in the sale of NFT virtual property by the defendant company. The plaintiff gave the firm personal information and transferred 999 yuan (about $144) before the purchase. However, the company did not deliver the goods, and returned his money a few days later, citing incorrect identification information. As a result, his claim was assessed at 99,999 yuan (about $14,380). The court sided with the seller, confirming the misrepresentation.

“As a virtual work of art, the NFT virtual property digital collection itself combines the original expression of the creator of the art and has the value of the corresponding intellectual property rights. At the same time – they are unique digital assets formed on the blockchain based on the mechanism of trust and consensus between the nodes. Therefore, NFT collections fall under the category of virtual property,” the ruling said.

On that basis, the court ruled that the rules governing online trading apply to asset transactions.

China believes that NFTs can be used for fundraising, including illegally. Therefore, the government has concerns that “underground banks” or loan sharks and shadow banking may soon appear in the country. Therefore, the government has banned not only crypto-assets such as bitcoin, but even ICOs and mining.

However, despite the restrictions, as of the end of May, there were 83 billion yuan (about $12.33 billion) worth of digital yuan transactions in the country. China continues to actively pursue the adoption of digital currency.

Earlier, we reported that Apple forced Coinbase to remove NFT transfers.

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