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Nikkei learned of Japan’s plan to invest $5.5 billion in chip producers in the US

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Mass chip producers in the US plan to start in the second half of this decade. The U.S. and Japan agreed to cooperate in the field in July.

Japan and the U.S. will create a joint research center for developing advanced 2-nanometer semiconductors by the end of the year, with the possibility of mass production by the second half of the decade. This was reported by Nikkei.

The US chip production costs are included in the budget bill for the current fiscal year. The bill provides for 450 billion yen ($3 billion) for the establishment of centers for advanced chip production in Japan and 370 billion yen ($2.5 billion) for supplying the production with necessary resources, particularly silicon wafers and silicon carbide.

Tokyo has approved subsidies for Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing, Kioxia and Micron Technology to build semiconductor plants in Japan. The publication notes that the government supports the production of microchips in Japan not only because of the importance of semiconductors for economic security but also against the background of a significant depreciation of the yen, which makes investments more attractive.

The U.S. and Japan agreed to establish the research center in late July, at a meeting between Secretary of State Anthony Blinken and Japanese Foreign Minister Yoshimas Hayashi. “As the world’s first and third largest economies, it is critical that we work together to protect the rules-based economic order,” Blinken pointed out. U.S. Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo, who was present at the meeting, stressed that semiconductors are “the foundation of our economic and national security” for Washington.

Tokyo and Washington agreed in a joint statement to cooperate “to enhance supply chain sustainability in strategic sectors, including semiconductors, batteries and critical minerals, among others.”

U.S. authorities consider the expansion of semiconductor production a national security issue, particularly because of its need for weapons production. In early October, the administration of President Joe Biden imposed restrictions on the supply of semiconductors and equipment for the production of chips to China.

The export of products made with American technology for the production of calculations using artificial intelligence is possible only under a special license issued in Washington. Experts interviewed by the Financial Times felt that the restrictions would throw Chinese companies “back to the Stone Age”.

Earlier we reported that Western countries have agreed on the parameters of the price ceiling on Russian oil.

Economy

South Korean exports dropped 14% in November, the highest in 2.5 years

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South Korea’s exports fell 14 percent year-on-year to $51.91 billion in November, preliminary data from the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy showed. The November drop was the biggest in 2.5 years since May 2020 and was caused both by the deteriorating global economy, which even a Google price chart showed, and a truckers’ strike in the country.

South Korea exports 2022 – reasons for the drop

Exports fell for the second month in a row. Analysts on average expected an 11% decline, according to Trading Economics. Respondents to MarketWatch predicted a 10.5% decline.

Shipments of semiconductor products overseas, the country’s top export item, fell 29.8%; petrochemicals fell 26.5% and steel exports fell 10.6%. Meanwhile, exports of automobiles jumped 31% and petroleum products 26%.

Exports to China, South Korea’s largest trading partner, fell by 25.5%, and to Asian countries – by 13.9%. Below, supplies to the USA grew by 8% and to the European Union – by 0.1%.

In January-November exports rose by 7.8% on the same period last year and reached a record $629.1 billion.

South Korean imports rose 2.7% to $59.2 billion in November, marking the 23rd consecutive month of gains, but the current rate of growth is the lowest since November 2020. Experts had predicted an increase of only 0.2%.

South Korea’s trade deficit last month was $7.01 billion, compared with a surplus of $2,973 billion a year earlier.

The negative balance was recorded for the eighth month in a row. As a result, by the end of 2022, the country may record a foreign trade deficit for the first time since the financial crisis in 2008.

Earlier we reported that the UN estimates the cost of humanitarian aid in 2023 at a record $51 billion.

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The UN estimates humanitarian aid costs in 2023 at a record $51 billion because of an impending humanitarian crisis

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Joint humanitarian operations will require a record $51.5 billion in 2023 to address urgent problems.

The UN Office for the OCHA estimates that 339 million people will need urgent aid in 2023. At the same time, OCHA called on donor countries to provide funds for assistance in 2023 to the 230 million people most in need, living in 68 countries.

Griffiths explained that aid is needed not only for people experiencing conflicts and disease outbreaks. but also for those suffering the effects of climate change, such as people in peninsular Somalia facing drought and those in Pakistan experiencing severe flooding. For the first time, the growing humanitarian crisis has brought the number of displaced people worldwide to the 100 million mark. Also worsening an already bad situation is the worldwide coronavirus pandemic, which affects the poor. Note that the general economic crisis has begun to negatively affect even the Netflix price chart.

Earlier we reported that house prices in the UK fell by 1.4% in November.

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Economy

Average house prices in the UK fell 1.4% in November

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Average house prices in the UK fell 1.4% in the previous month in November to 263,788 thousand pounds (about $319,000), according to the British mortgage company Nationwide Building Society.

The decline was recorded at the end of the second consecutive month and was the most significant in almost 2.5 years – since June 2020. Analysts on average had forecast a decline of only 0.3%, according to Trading Economics.

Are house prices in the UK going to fall even more?

Residential real estate prices in November compared to the same month last year increased by 4.4%. At the same time, experts expected a larger increase of 5.8%. The growth rate slowed down significantly compared with 7.2% in October. Because of the difficult economic situation, British investors are investing in other instruments. The Microsoft price chart, for example, is showing potential for growth, so many are interested in the U.S. stock market. 

“The market looks set to remain under pressure in the coming quarters. Inflation will remain high for some time, and interest rates are likely to continue to rise,” believes Nationwide Senior Economist Robert Gardner. – The outlook is unclear, and much will depend on how the overall economy behaves, but a relatively soft landing is still possible.”

Earlier we reported that Sanctions Circumvention was included in the EU’s list of criminal offenses.

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