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Dollar edges up versus euro ahead of ECB and US data

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Dollar edges up versus euro ahead of ECB and US data
© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: U.S. dollar banknotes are seen in this illustration taken March 10, 2023. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration/File Photo

By Saqib Iqbal Ahmed

NEW YORK (Reuters) – The dollar edged up against the euro on Tuesday as investors braced for a busy week that includes a European Central Bank rate decision, congressional testimony from Fed Chair Jerome Powell and U.S. jobs data.

neared a record high as the latest bout of crypto-mania showed no signs of dimming, while was little changed after Beijing laid down an ambitious economic growth target of around 5% for 2024, as widely expected.

The euro was 0.06% lower against the dollar at $1.08495. Most major currency pairs, however, traded in familiar ranges.

“The G10 FX world remains incredibly subdued,” said Michael Brown, market analyst at online broker Pepperstone in London.

“There’s some reluctance from most market participants to trade with conviction ahead of Powell tomorrow, ECB on Thursday, and of course NFP (nonfarm payrolls) on Friday, which is probably exacerbating the quiet conditions at the start of the week,” he said.

The , which measures the buck’s strength against a basket of six currencies, is up about 2.4% for the year, lifted by better than expected U.S. economic data, but the currency’s rally has stalled in recent sessions, as investors await clarity on Fed policy.

Chair Powell is likely to reinforce the message that the Fed wants to wait for more data before any rate cuts when he testifies to Congress about inflation and the economy on Wednesday and Thursday.

“We should expect Fed Chair Powell to reiterate patience and emphasize (there is) no hurry to cut rates,” said Christopher Wong, currency strategist at OCBC in Singapore.

The ECB meets to discuss policy on Thursday but is widely expected to leave interest rates at a record 4%. Investors will be on the lookout for any hints about when rates might start to fall and will scrutinise updated economic projections.

Survey data on Tuesday showed that business activity in the euro zone showed signs of recovery last month.

U.S. employment figures for February have the potential to rock markets on Friday. Economists expect hiring slowed last month but a bigger-than-expected number could add to the dollar’s rise this year.

News out of China’s National People’s Congress contained few surprises, with Beijing sticking with a economic growth target of 5% and a budget deficit of 3%. Analysts at Nomura said the growth target will be challenging to meet without more stimulus.

The was little changed at $7.2105. [CNY/]

The dollar slipped 0.35% against the yen to 150.01, retreating further from last week’s high of 150.85.

A break higher would open the way to November’s top at 151.92, but would also run the risk of provoking Japanese intervention.

Sterling rose 0.04% to $1.2695 ahead of the British budget on Wednesday. Finance Minister Jeremy Hunt has been trying to dampen speculation about big pre-election tax cuts.

Bitcoin traded little changed on the day at $67,398, having surged to $68,828 in Asian trading hours, just shy of the record peak of $68,999.99 it touched in November 2021.

The largest cryptocurrency by market value is up nearly 60% this year, benefiting from flows into exchange-traded funds launched in the United States.


BofA projects EUR-USD to hit 1.12 by year-end, above consensus

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Bank of America (BofA) released its currency market forecast, projecting the EUR-USD exchange rate to reach 1.12 by the end of the year. The bank’s analysts expect the majority of the euro’s appreciation to occur in the second half of the year, positioning their forecast above the consensus estimate of 1.08 for 2024.

In addition to the euro, BofA’s analysis remains focused on the G4 currencies. The pair is currently trading around the bank’s year-end forecast for 2024. However, BofA noted that there are still risks of intervention in the currency pair.

The British pound (GBP) is also on BofA’s radar, with the bank maintaining a constructive outlook on the currency. This optimism is fueled by stronger-than-expected UK Consumer Price Index (CPI) data. Nevertheless, BofA acknowledges that the upcoming UK general election will likely dominate short-term market attention.

BofA’s broader view on the currency markets includes a forecast for a gradual depreciation of the US dollar across most of the G10 currencies throughout this year and into the next.

The forecast also suggests a slightly greater depreciation for the US dollar against higher-beta G10 currencies.

This article was generated with the support of AI and reviewed by an editor. For more information see our T&C.

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UBS shifts stance on Swiss franc, now sees it as neutral

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UBS modified its outlook on the Swiss franc, adjusting the currency’s status from “least preferred” to “neutral.” This reassessment comes amid expectations that the U.S. dollar will maintain its strength, with potential for intermittent increases in value.

However, UBS does not anticipate a sharp rally or significant depreciation of the dollar when the Federal Reserve begins its rate-cutting cycle, which is expected to start in September.

UBS’s forecast suggests that geopolitical uncertainties, particularly those related to the Middle East, are likely to persist. The firm notes that unless there is a surge in oil prices due to actual disruptions in supply, these geopolitical factors should not lead to a substantial increase in market risk aversion.

The firm continues to encourage investment in currency crosses, which involve trading between two currencies, excluding the U.S. dollar. UBS’s adjustment to the Swiss franc’s status indicates a change in the perceived risk and potential return of holding or trading the currency.

The reassessment of the Swiss franc by UBS reflects a broader analysis of the currency’s position in the market. Previously considered as a less favorable option, the Swiss franc’s new “neutral” rating suggests that the risks associated with short positions in the currency may have diminished.

This article was generated with the support of AI and reviewed by an editor. For more information see our T&C.

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Dollar steadies after sharp gains post Fed minutes; sterling retains strength

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on – The U.S. dollar handed back some of the previous session’s gains Thursday, but remained near a one-week high after the release of hawkish minutes from the last Federal Reserve meeting suggested U.S. interest rates would remain elevated for some time. 

At 04:20 ET (08:20 GMT), the Dollar Index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of six other currencies, traded 0.1% lower at 104.705, after gaining 0.3% overnight.

Dollar boosted by hawkish Fed minutes

The of the Fed’s late-April meeting showed policymakers were growing increasingly concerned over sticky inflation, with some Fed officials talking about potentially raising rates further to bring down inflation.

“While the general view was that policy was ‘well positioned’, many members were open to more hikes if needed. Incidentally, ‘many’ participants questioned whether policy was restrictive enough,” said ING in a note.

Several Fed officials have subsequently cautioned about inflation levels in speeches following the gathering.

But the Fed is still seen as unlikely to raise interest rates further, and so markets are now pricing in a greater chance the central bank will keep rates high for longer. 

Atlanta Fed Chair is set to speak later in the session, and traders will look to his comments as well as data for May for further clues.

Sterling retains firm tone after election news

In Europe, rose 0.1% to 1.2730, with sterling retaining its firm tone after Wednesday’s data showed that U.K. inflation fell by less than expected in April.

Prime Minister Rishi Sunak called a national election, which his Conservative party is widely expected to lose to the opposition Labour Party after 14 years in power.

“The pound also seems to have been only very lightly impacted by the news,” said ING, as “crucially, many of the volatility-inducing events that had been associated with UK politics in previous years (UK-EU trade relationships, unfunded budget spending, the Scottish referendum) all seem to be rather marginal risks now.”

traded 0.2% higher to 1.0839, after data showed that eurozone business activity has expanded at its fastest pace in a year this month.

HCOB’s preliminary climbed to 52.3 this month from April’s 51.7, beating expectations for a more modest lift to 52.0, supported by buoyant demand for services, while the manufacturing sector showed signs of approaching a recovery.

The European Central Bank has largely confirmed it will start its rate-cutting cycle next month, and the current debate is how many more cuts, if any, the policymakers will agree to this year.

Yen flat despite PMI improvement

In Asia, largely flat at 156.76, after surging close to 157 in overnight trade, with data for Japan showing manufacturing activity expanded for the first time in 11 months. 

traded 0.1% higher at 7.2443, trading just below a six-month high.

Beijing was seen banning certain U.S. firms from participating in trade activity relating to China, while also banning some arms shipments to Taiwan. The move was seen as retaliation for steeper U.S. tariffs on key Chinese industries, which will go live from August 1.

China also carried out military drills near Taiwanese territory, ramping up concerns over heightened tensions in the area.


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