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Dollar firms, euro slips ahead of key inflation data

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Dollar firms, euro slips ahead of key inflation data
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Investing.com – The U.S. dollar firmed in early European trade Wednesday, shrugging off signs of U.S. economic weakness ahead of the release of this week’s key inflation data as traders look for clues as to when the Federal Reserve will start cutting interest rates.

At 04:00 ET (09:00 GMT), the Dollar Index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of six other currencies, traded 0.3% higher at 104.080. 

U.S. inflation to prove sticky?

Data released on Tuesday showed that orders for U.S. fell a hefty 6.1% last month, while the Conference Board’s was revised lower for January and declined further in February. 

However, these signs of economic weakness have had little impact on the U.S. currency with all eyes on the , the Fed’s favorite inflation gauge, due on Thursday. 

Economists are expecting a 0.4% increase for January after 0.2% in the previous month. A stickier-than-expected reading could prompt the Fed to delay rate cuts further.

“We remain of the view that evidence of resilient inflation in the Fed’s preferred measure of inflation will offer more support to the dollar into the end of the week,” said analysts at ING, in a note.

Markets have largely priced out a rate cut at both the Fed’s March and May meeting, and the chance of a cut in June is seen as largely 50:50.

Before the PCE data, a second reading on fourth-quarter is due later on Wednesday, while there are more Fed officials due to speak, including , and .

Euro edges lower ahead of eurozone CPI

In Europe, traded 0.2% lower at 1.0818, with Europe also looking forward to its own slew of inflation reports, with Germany, France and Spain scheduled to release price data on Thursday ahead of the on Friday.

Economists are expecting an annual reading of 2.5% for February, dropping from 2.8% in January.

Still, the dollar trade continues to dominate, and this inflation release will have to provide a major surprise to influence the pair substantially.

“EUR/USD continues to follow the dollar dynamics without showing any material impact from eurozone-specific drivers. The pair looks likely to test 1.0800 in the coming days, in our view,” ING added. 

traded 0.4% lower at 1.2635, with sterling hit by a stronger dollar and after recent data showed U.K. grocery prices rising at their lowest rate since March 2022.

Kiwi dollar slumps after RBNZ meeting

In Asia, fell 1.1% to 0.6103, near a two-week low, after the held interest rates steady at 5.5%, but flagged more progress in inflation moving towards its 1% to 3% annual target. 

While the bank still signaled that it will keep interest rates higher for longer in the near-term, its comments saw traders largely price out expectations of any more rate hikes.

traded 0.2% higher to 150.80, with the yen weakening further beyond the 150 level, although steeper losses were limited by the prospect of early interest rate hikes and government intervention.

traded largely unchanged at 7.1993, as traders awaited the release of key for February, due this Friday. 

 

 

Forex

Dollar flat ahead of key inflation release; Middle East tensions ease

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Investing.com – The U.S. dollar traded largely unchanged in calm trading Monday, amid a calming of tensions in the Middle East and ahead of the release of the Federal Reserve’s favorite gauge of inflation later in the week.

At 05:40 ET (09:40 GMT), the Dollar Index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of six other currencies, traded flat at 106.005, retreating from the five-month peak of 106.51 seen last week. 

Dollar stable ahead of key inflation release

The dollar surged to new highs last week after Israel launched a missile attack on Iran, in an escalation of the conflict in the volatile Middle East.

However, tensions appear to have been cooled, with Tehran downplaying Israel’s retaliatory drone strike against Iran, in what appeared to be a move aimed at averting a regional war.

“Sentiment is generally supported across asset classes as the week starts,” said analysts at ING, in a note. “All interested parties appear to have chosen the path of downplaying the size and consequences of Friday’s Israeli strikes in Iran.”

That said, the dollar has also been supported by strong U.S. economic data and persistent inflation, coupled with a slew of hawkish comments from Fed officials, reducing the chances of the Federal Reserve cutting rates any time soon. 

These officials will be keeping quiet this week, ahead of next week’s , but activity is likely to be limited ahead of Friday’s look at the , the Federal Reserve’s favored inflation gauge, which economists expect to remain elevated in March.

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Other economic data for the week includes an initial estimate of first quarter , which is expected to have moderated slightly from the previous quarter. Data on and will also be released along with revised figures on consumer sentiment and inflation expectations.

Euro edges up, but ECB set to cut early

In Europe, rose 0.1% to 1.0656, trading near six-month lows with regional economic weakness set to result in the European Central Bank cutting interest rates before the Federal Reserve.

Elevated tensions in the Middle East are unlikely to drive up energy prices and should not affect the European Central Bank’s plans to start cutting interest rates in June, French central bank chief Francois Villeroy de Galhau said on Sunday.

“Barring surprises, there is no need to wait much longer”, Villeroy told business daily Les Echos in an interview. “At the moment, the conflict is not leading to a marked rise in oil prices. If this were ever the case, we would have to analyse monetary policy for whether this shock is temporary and limited, or whether it is transmitted – beyond commodities – to underlying inflation.”

climbed 0.1% lower to 1.2355, just above its lowest level since mid-November seen on Friday, after Bank of England Governor Andrew Bailey and Deputy Governor Dave Ramsden alluded last week to Britain’s inflation slowing as expected. 

“Sterling markets moved on Friday after the Bank of England’s deputy governor, Dave Ramsden, sounded less concerned about price pressures and suggested that there were indications of UK inflation converging to that of the eurozone,” ING said. “Crucially, he added that the Bank will be “responsive” as evidence on inflation accumulates.”

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Yen weak ahead of BOJ meeting

In Asia, traded 0.1% higher at 154.74, remaining well above the 154 level and near 34-year highs, keeping investors on guard over any potential government intervention. 

Focus this week is on a Bank of Japan rate decision on Friday – the central bank’s first meeting after a historic rate hike in March. Any cues on future rate hikes and policy changes will be closely watched.

edged 0.1% higher to 7.2437, after the People’s Bank of China kept its benchmark on hold, as expected. 

The LPR was kept at record lows, as the PBOC moved to keep monetary policy as loose as possible to buoy economic growth. However, low interest rates are also expected to keep the yuan under pressure. 

The USDCNY pair was close to a five-month high, above the psychologically important 7.2 level. 

 

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UBS raises USDCNY forecast amid geopolitical tensions

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On Monday, UBS revised its forecast for the exchange rate, citing increasing geopolitical tensions and expectations of fewer rate cuts by the Federal Reserve. The Swiss financial services firm now anticipates the USD/CNY rate to reach 7.35 by June, up from the previous target of 7.20. Similarly, the September target has been adjusted to 7.30 from 7.15, the December target to 7.25 from 7.15, and the March 2025 target to 7.20 from 7.15.

UBS suggests that the People’s Bank of China (PBoC) is showing a greater willingness to allow a weaker yuan, which could contribute to additional short-term pressure on the Chinese currency. The firm’s analysis points to the rising geopolitical tensions as a key factor influencing the yuan’s trajectory.

Despite the potential for a pivot by the Federal Reserve in September, which might typically ease the upward trend of the USD/CNY, UBS believes that the impact could be mitigated. The firm notes that market concerns about US-China trade tensions, especially in the lead-up to the US presidential election in November, could dampen the effects of any policy changes by the Fed.

UBS’s revised targets reflect a cautious outlook on the Chinese yuan, as the global financial market continues to weigh various geopolitical and economic factors. The firm’s adjustment of the USD/CNY targets highlights the complex interplay between central bank policies, international relations, and market sentiment.

This article was generated with the support of AI and reviewed by an editor. For more information see our T&C.

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Asia FX weak as rate fears keep dollar steady

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Investing.com– Most Asian currencies moved in a flat-to-low range on Monday, and were nursing steep losses from the past week as concerns over higher-for-longer interest rates kept traders largely biased towards the dollar.

Still, easing fears over a bigger conflict in the Middle East offered regional currencies some relief, as risk appetite improved. 

But most regional units still retained a bulk of their losses from over the past week, as traders steadily priced out expectations that the Federal Reserve will cut interest rates by as soon as June.

Dollar steady, more rate cues awaited this week 

The and both fell slightly in Asian trade on Monday, but remained close to over five-month highs hit earlier in April. 

Waning bets on a June rate cut boosted the dollar, especially after strong U.S. inflation readings and hawkish commentary from top Fed officials. 

Focus this week is on more cues on U.S. monetary policy, specifically from data- which is the Fed’s preferred inflation gauge. The reading is due on Friday and is expected to reiterate that U.S. inflation remained sticky in March.

More cues on the U.S. economy are also due this week, with data for April set to offer more insight into business activity.

Chinese yuan steady after PBOC holds loan prime rate 

The Chinese yuan’s pair moved little on Monday after the People’s Bank of China kept its benchmark on hold, as expected. 

The LPR was kept at record lows, as the PBOC moved to keep monetary policy as loose as possible to buoy economic growth. The central bank is also expected to further trim the rate this year, after a cut to the in February. 

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But low interest rates are also expected to keep the yuan under pressure. The USDCNY pair was close to a five-month high, above the psychologically important 7.2 level. 

Japanese yen flat, BOJ meeting awaited 

The Japanese yen’s pair moved little on Monday, but remained well above the 154 level amid little relief from the dollar.

This kept investors on guard over any potential government intervention, especially as the USDJPY pair tested 34-year highs at 155. 

Focus this week is on a on Friday- the central bank’s first meeting after a historic rate hike in March. Any cues on future rate hikes and policy changes will be closely watched.

Broader Asian currencies moved little as fears of higher-for-longer U.S. rates remained in play. 

The Australian dollar’s pair rose 0.3% after tumbling to a five-month low last week.

The South Korean won’s pair rose 0.5%, while the Singapore dollar’s pair was flat.

The Indian rupee’s pair rose 0.1%, but was trading below record highs hit last week.

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