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Forex

Dollar higher on US business activity boost

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By Saqib Iqbal Ahmed

NEW YORK (Reuters) -The dollar rose against the euro on Thursday after data showed U.S. business activity accelerated to the highest level in just over two years in May, suggesting that economic growth picked up half-way through the second quarter.

S&P Global said that its flash U.S. Composite PMI Output Index, which tracks the manufacturing and services sectors, jumped to 54.4 this month. That was the highest level since April 2022 and followed a final reading of 51.3 in April.

A reading above 50 indicates expansion in the private sector.

“The currency action shows the market still responds to strong U.S. economic data in the expected way,” said Marc Chandler, chief market strategist at Bannockburn Global Forex LLC.

“I think the dollar has some more room on the upside,” Chandler said.

Data on Thursday also showed the number of Americans filing new claims for unemployment benefits fell last week, pointing to underlying strength in the labour market that should continue to support the economy.

Federal Reserve officials at their last policy meeting said they still had faith that price pressures would ease at least slowly in coming months, but doubts emerged about whether the current level of interest rates was high enough to guarantee that outcome and “various” officials said they’d be willing to hike borrowing costs again if inflation surged.

“Given the FOMC comments the market is still exaggerating the chances of two rate cuts this year,” Chandler said, noting that the unwinding of rate cut bets would keep the dollar supported in the near term.

The euro was down 0.2% at $1.080525. The common currency rose as high as $1.0861 earlier in the session after the preliminary composite Purchasing Managers’ Index for the currency bloc came in above the 50 level separating growth from contraction for the third month in a row, with even struggling manufacturing showing a recovery.

Better-than-feared economic data for the past few months helped the euro rally in April and early May, and Thursday’s data pushed the currency back towards mid-May’s two-month high of $1.0895.

“The EU PMI figures took a little pressure off of the stagflation theme, but it still feels a little stagflation ‘lite’ if you will, and we need to see more on the growth side there,” Brad Bechtel, global head of FX at Jefferies, said in a note.

The pound slipped 0.2% to $1.2689 against the dollar. Prime Minister Rishi Sunak on Wednesday called a national election, which his Conservatives are widely expected to lose to the opposition Labour Party after 14 years in power. However, sterling options volatility for the period covering the July 4 election did rise. [GBP/]

“The market is fairly confident there’s going to be a Labour government and it’s pretty confident also that the Labour government won’t be that different in terms of fiscal policy, than the current Sunak and (finance minister Jeremy) Hunt mix anyway,” said Jane Foley, head of FX strategy at Rabobank.

The dollar was 0.1% higher against the Japanese currency at 156.91 yen after data showed Japan’s factory activity crept into expansion for the first time in a year in May.

The corporate sector in Japan has been grappling with the weak yen, and nearly half of Japanese firms find the yen’s slide beyond 155 to the dollar harmful to their business, roughly double the percentage of those who see the currency’s weakness as a positive, a Reuters survey showed on Thursday.

The New Zealand dollar slipped 0.1% to $0.60925after data released Thursday showed that retail sales volumes in New Zealand unexpectedly rose, its second day of gains after the Reserve Bank of New Zealand surprised markets on Wednesday by lifting its forecasts for peak interest rates and pushing back when it expects to cut. {AUD/]

© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: U.S. Dollar banknote is seen in this illustration taken July 17, 2022. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration/File photo

Among cryptocurrencies, ether was up 1% at $3,776, after rising as high as $3945.50 its highest since mid-March.

It has been surging amid speculation over the potential approval of U.S. spot exchange-traded funds that would track the world’s second-biggest cryptocurrency.

Forex

Dollar slips off highs ahead of PCE data, euro sees some support

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Investing.com – The U.S. dollar edged lower Monday, consolidating after climbing to a near eight-week high last week, while the euro rose despite weak German business sentiment.

At 05:25 ET (09:25 GMT), the Dollar Index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of six other currencies, traded 0.2% lower at 105.235, after touching a high of 105.91 last week.

Dollar looks to PCE data for guidance

The U.S. currency received a boost last week after the release of stronger-than-expected readings, with the resilient U.S. economy potentially creating more room for the Federal Reserve to keep interest rates elevated.

Traders have banked some of those gains at the start of the new week, as the focus turns towards the release of price index data. 

Fed officials have called for more data showing a slowing of inflation before agreeing to cut interest rates, and this Friday’s reading of the Fed’s preferred inflation gauge is likely to factor into the outlook for interest rates.

Economists expect annual growth in the index to slow to 2.6% in May. A soft reading is likely to bolster bets on a rate cut as early as September, which futures currently price as a 65% prospect, according to the CME FedWatch tool.

Euro rebounds despite dip in Ifo reading

rose 0.2% to 1.0718, rebounding after recent losses despite German business morale unexpectedly falling in June.

The Ifo institute said its declined to 88.6 in June from 89.3 in May, compared with expectations of a reading of 89.7.

“The German economy is having difficulty overcoming stagnation,” said Ifo president Clemens Fuest.

The single currency has dropped over 1% this month after the right-wing performed well in the European Parliament elections earlier in June, resulting in French President Emmanuel Macron calling a snap election.

rose 0.1% to 1.2659, with sterling stabilizing after falling close to a five-week low in the wake of the Bank of England’s latest .

The BoE kept rates on hold, but some policy makers said the decision not to cut was “finely balanced”, raising expectations that policymakers will agree to a cut when they next meet at the start of August.

“Markets remain undecided on an August move (14bp priced in) and in our view, are also still too conservative on the total easing this year with 47bp versus our call for 75bp,” analysts at ING said, in a note.

“Our dovish BoE view means a bearish call on the pound this summer. We could also see some negative spillover on GBP from the UK election (4 July), where a Labour landslide win is largely expected – but perhaps a good result from the populist hard-Brexiteer Reform UK party may create some market jitters.”

Yen falls, drawing intervention talk  

In Asia, traded 0.1% lower to 159.68, retreating after the pair rose as high as 159.94 in early trade Monday, its highest since April 29, when it reached a 34-year high of 160.245 leading to Japanese authorities spending roughly 9.8 trillion yen to support the currency.

The yen’s recent weakness drew warnings from several major Japanese officials over more intervention, with the country’s main currency diplomat Masato Kanda saying the government would “intervene 24 hours a day if necessary.” 

edged higher at 7.2618, trading within a very narrow range with the yuan close to its lowest in seven months, hurt by worries about weakness in the world’s second-largest economy.

 

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Forex

Asia FX weak amid dollar strength; yen on intervention watch

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Investing.com– Most Asian currencies were fragile on Monday as the dollar steadied near two-month highs, while weakness in the Japanese yen sparked caution over potential intervention measures by Tokyo. 

Sentiment towards regional markets was also dampened by fears of a trade war between China and the European Union, after Chinese officials warned of retaliatory measures against European tariffs on Chinese electric vehicles. 

Markets were also reeling from stronger-than-expected U.S. purchasing managers index readings, which sparked heavy flows into the dollar and out of risk-driven assets. 

Japanese yen weak, on intervention watch as USDJPY nears 160

The yen was the biggest point of focus among Asian currencies on Monday, as its pair, which gauges the amount of yen needed to buy one dollar, came within spitting distance of 160 yen.

The level was the pair’s highest since 1986, and had attracted heavy amounts of government intervention in currency markets in May, which saw the USDJPY pair fall as low as 151.

The yen’s recent weakness drew warnings from several major Japanese officials over more intervention. Top currency diplomat Masato Kanda said the government would “intervene 24 hours a day if necessary.” 

His comments spurred some strength in the yen, with the USDJPY pair falling to 159.7 yen.

Chinese yuan, Asia FX under pressure from EU tensions 

The Chinese yuan’s pair steadied at a seven-month high on Monday, as the yuan was battered in recent weeks by souring relations between China and the EU.

Chinese officials said over the weekend that a trade war with the EU was possible in the face of import tariffs on Chinese EVs. German and Chinese ministers were also set to meet this week.

Concerns over a trade war kept traders averse to risk-heavy currencies, which sparked weakness in most Asian units. The Australian dollar’s pair fell 0.1%, while the South Korean won’s pair rose 0.1%. 

The Singapore dollar’s pair rose slightly, while the Indian rupee’s pair fell 0.1% but remained in sight of recent record highs.

Dollar strong, PCE inflation awaited

The and both rose slightly in Asian trade and were at their highest levels since early-May. 

The greenback was boosted by stronger-than-expected PMI readings, which sparked concerns that a resilient U.S. economy would give the Federal Reserve more headroom to keep rates high.

Focus was now on key data, due this Friday. The reading is the Fed’s preferred inflation gauge and is likely to factor into the outlook for interest rates.

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Forex

Dollar weakens after yen steadies amid intervention jitters

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By Alden Bentley, Samuel Indyk and Ankur Banerjee

NEW YORK/LONDON (Reuters) -The dollar eased from a near eight-week high on Monday, with traders back on alert for intervention to support the yen after the Japanese currency flirted with the 160 per dollar level that had earlier drawn verbal warnings from Japanese authorities.

Dollar/yen topped at 159.94 in early trade, its highest since April 29, when the yen touched a 34-year low of 160.245, leading to Japanese authorities spending roughly 9.8 trillion yen to support the currency.

It briefly tumbled in the European morning to 158.75 per dollar, and was last 0.28% weaker at 159.35.

“Certainly didn’t look like intervention … nonetheless, it does speak to how jittery the market likely is about the prospect for intervention,” said Michael Brown, senior research strategist at Pepperstone.

“I think so long as any further weakness is not especially rapid or disorderly in nature, the MoF (Ministry of Finance) are unlikely to step in just yet.”

Earlier, Japan’s top currency diplomat Masato Kanda said authorities will take appropriate steps if there is excessive foreign exchange movement, and that the addition of Japan to the U.S. Treasury’s monitoring list would not restrict their actions.

The yen has come under renewed pressure after the Bank of Japan’s (BOJ) decision this month to postpone reducing bond-buying stimulus until its July meeting. It is down 1.5% in June.

A summary of opinions at the BOJ’s June policy meeting on Monday showed some policymakers called for raising interest rates in a timely fashion as they saw a risk of inflation overshooting expectations.

The yen, which is highly sensitive to U.S. Treasury yields, is down more than 10% against the dollar so far this year, weighed down by the wide difference between interest rates in Japan and the United States.

“We are all trying to figure out if there is a specific level that the MOF may have in mind in terms of defense or whether or not it comes down to general market conditions,” said Brian Daingerfield, FX strategist at Natwest Markets in Stamford, Connecticut.

INFLATION TEST AHEAD

The spotlight this week will be on Friday’s release of the U.S. personal consumption expenditures (PCE) price index, which the Federal Reserve relies on to gauge progress in getting inflation down to its 2% target.

A number showing price pressures easing is likely to bolster bets on a rate cut as early as September, which futures currently price as a 70% prospect.

The , which measures the greenback against a basket of currencies including the yen and the euro, fell 0.41% to 105.45, edging back from a nearly eight-week high of 105.91 it touched last week.

Another focus through the week will be politics. The first U.S. presidential debate between President Joe Biden and his predecessor Donald Trump is on Thursday after U.S. markets close.

“Certainly there’s quite a bit of interest in whether or not the dollar is specifically mentioned,” said Daingerfield. “We know former President Trump has at times criticized the value of the dollar as being too strong.”

The first round of voting in the French election is on Sunday.

“You’re going to see a lot of defensive positioning going into the first round of the French election and U.S. presidential debate,” said Simon Harvey, head of FX analysis at Monex.

The euro, which has been under pressure since French President Emmanuel Macron called a snap election earlier this month, was up 0.44% at $1.0738 but was still down about 1% in June so far.

France’s far right National Rally (RN) party and its allies were seen leading the first round of the country’s elections with 35.5% of the expected vote, an opinion poll published on Sunday showed.

RN lawmaker Jean-Philippe Tanguy, who is widely seen as the most likely candidate to head the finance ministry if the party wins and forms a government, told Reuters an RN government would stick to the European Union’s fiscal rules.

Sterling strengthened 0.28% at $1.268. The Australian dollar strengthened 0.18% versus the greenback to $0.6651 and the strengthened 0.16%.

© Reuters. U.S. Dollar and Japan Yen notes are seen in this June 22, 2017 illustration photo.   REUTERS/Thomas White/Illustration

Meanwhile, spot yuan was trading at 7.2585 per dollar, close to its lowest in seven months, weighed by broad strength in the dollar and worries about weakness in the world’s second-largest economy. [CNY/]

In cryptocurrencies, bitcoin fell to its lowest since May 10 and was down 4.52% at $61,267.00. declined 5.98% at $3310.26.

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