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Dollar surges to 11-week high as Fed rate cut bets diminish

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Dollar surges to 11-week high as Fed rate cut bets diminish
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By Herbert Lash and Harry Robertson

NEW YORK/LONDON (Reuters) -The dollar climbed to its highest in almost three months against nine other major currencies on Monday as traders slashed bets the Federal Reserve would aggressively cut interest rates this year after new economic data further diminished those odds.

U.S. services sector growth picked up in January as new orders increased and employment rebounded, the Institute for Supply Management (ISM) said, suggesting economic growth momentum from the fourth quarter spilled over into the new year.

ISM’s non-manufacturing PMI increased to 53.4 from 50.5 in December, higher than 52.0 that economists polled by Reuters had forecast. A reading above 50 indicates growth in the services industry, which drives more than two-thirds of the economy.

The data added to Friday’s blockbuster U.S. jobs report that far exceeded expectations and forced the market to readjust its outlook for rate cuts, the dollar’s strength and how high Treasury yields, which act to bolster the U.S. currency, can go.

“The question is, who can keep up with the U.S. in terms of the rates adjustment?” said Steven Englander, head of global G10 FX research and North America macro strategy at Standard Chartered (OTC:) Bank in New York. “The market’s answer so far is not too many central banks and not too many of their currencies.”

Treasury yields started to rise early on Monday after Fed Chair Jerome Powell said over the weekend that the U.S. central bank could “give it some time” before cutting rates. Yields rose further on news of the ISM survey.

The dollar rose against all members of the G10 grouping of currencies that are among the most liquid in the world.

The , which tracks the greenback against six other major currencies, jumped to 104.60, its highest since Nov. 14, and was last up 0.36% at 104.40.

The two-year Treasury yield was last up 9.4 basis points at 4.4638%, after jumping 18 bps on Friday.

The euro fell to its lowest since Nov. 14 at $1.0721 and was last down 0.43% at $1.0744.

In an interview with the CBS News show “60 Minutes” that aired on Sunday but was conducted a day before the jobs report on Thursday, Powell said the Fed could be patient in deciding when to cut its benchmark interest rate.

“The prudent thing to do is … to just give it some time and see that the data confirm that inflation is moving down to 2% in a sustainable way,” Powell said.

Japan’s yen fell to its lowest since Nov. 27 at 148.89 per dollar, and was last at 148.68.

Jane Foley, head of FX strategy at Rabobank, said a weak euro zone economy was also likely weighing on the euro.

“We have stagnation in Germany,” Foley said. “I think we’re going into a period when it’s going to be really hard for the euro to make significant gains.”

Data on Monday showed that German exports fell more than expected in December due to weak global demand.

RATE CUT EXPECTATIONS

Fed funds futures now show roughly 115 basis points (bps) worth of easing priced in for the Fed this year, down from about 150 bps at the end of last year.

A March cut is now seen as a 14.5% possibility, down sharply from 46.2% a week ago, according to CME Group (NASDAQ:)’ FedWatch Tool.

Sterling was down 0.75% to $1.2537, its lowest since Dec. 13, as the dollar rallied.

The pound showed little reaction to revised data that indicated Britain’s unemployment rate was lower than expected at the end of the year.

slid about 1.4% to 42,355.70 in late trading.

Forex

Dollar drifts lower; euro edges higher ahead of key wages data

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Dollar drifts lower; euro edges higher ahead of key wages data
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Investing.com – The U.S. dollar slipped lower in early European trade Tuesday, but remains close to recent highs given the prospects of higher-for-longer U.S. interest rates, while the euro faces a wages test later in the session.

At 04:45 ET (09:45 GMT), the Dollar Index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of six other currencies, traded 0.1% lower at 104.082. 

Dollar quiet ahead of Fed minutes

The greenback has edged lower Tuesday with U.S. traders set to return after Monday’s Presidents’ Day holiday, but remained close to three-month highs amid mounting expectations that the Federal Reserve will delay the start of its rate-cutting cycle to the start of the summer compared with the expected March at the beginning of the year.

Data released last week showed both U.S. and increased more than expected in January, while Fed official Mary Daly stated on Friday that there is still “more work to do” to bring inflation back down to the U.S. central bank’s 2% target.

The U.S. economic data calendar is largely empty Tuesday, likely resulting in quiet trading ahead of the release of the of the Fed meeting from last month, scheduled for Wednesday. 

“The view that the U.S. data will turn at some point, the Federal Reserve will cut, and the dollar will decline remains a consensus one (and often translates into selling USD rallies),” said analysts at ING, in a note. 

“We favor a strong dollar in the near term as U.S. data remains supportive, but this looks increasingly to be the perfect recipe for range-bound trading.”

Euro awaits ECB wage data

In Europe, traded 0.2% higher at 1.0795, helped data showing the eurozone’s current account in a larger than expected surplus in December, pointing to economic recovery.

Traders are now keenly awaiting the release of regional fourth-quarter negotiated wages data, due later in the session, given the importance Europe’s central bank has placed on wage growth as it attempts to contain inflation.

“This wage indicator had been on a steady rise since mid-2022, and a decline, even if contained, should be welcomed by the ECB,” ING added.

traded 0.1% higher at 1.2605, in quiet trading ahead of the release of the monthly surveys of business activity later this week.

The data is expected to show that British business activity is improving, led by a surge in service-sector activity to its fastest pace since last May.

This follows Friday’s data which showed U.K. grew at their fastest pace in nearly three years in January.

China cuts key rate, yen remains weak

In Asia, traded largely unchanged at 7.1983, helped by a strong daily midpoint fix after the People’s Bank of China cut its benchmark five-year loan prime rate by a bigger-than-expected 25 basis points to 3.95%, a record low. 

The move provided little cheer to Asian markets as it also underscored increasing government anxiety over an economic slowdown in Asia’s biggest economy.

rose 0.1% to 150.31, with the yen weakening past the 150 level as the prospect of a slow exit from the Bank of Japan’s ultra-dovish monetary stance put pressure on the Japanese currency.

Breaks above 150 have attracted government intervention in the past, with officials also offering verbal warnings on any such moves last week.

 

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Investors are buying back into the pound’s pizazz

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Investors are buying back into the pound's pizazz
© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Pound and U.S. dollar banknotes are seen in this illustration taken January 6, 2020. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration/File Photo

By Amanda Cooper

LONDON (Reuters) – The pound is playing catch-up with the dollar as investors beef up their bullish positions, and may get extra oomph from data this week showing British business activity is among the strongest in the developed world.

Monthly surveys of business activity this week are expected to show the UK topped the league table in February, well ahead of the euro zone and beating even the United States, which in the last year has been one of the few major countries not to have shown a dip into contraction.

This so-called “U.S. exceptionalism” has kept the dollar buoyant and investor confidence in a soft landing for the U.S. economy running high.

Economists polled by Reuters expect an index of British business activity to have risen to 52.7 in early February, led by a surge in service-sector activity to its fastest pace since last May.

Sterling is down just 0.9% against the dollar so far in 2024, having clawed back up from a 1.5% year-to-date loss two weeks ago.

Just four months ago, the International Monetary Fund declared Britain would be the slowest-growing economy among the Group of Seven nations in 2024.

A lot has changed since then, not least Germany tilting into actual recession and France barely growing. Data last week showed the UK, too, registered two straight quarters of negative growth last year.

The euro has fallen to its weakest in six months against sterling, having lost around 2% in value against its cross-Channel rival since the start of the year.

For the past few months, investors have enjoyed the pound’s higher yield that has derived from the view that, even though the economy is sluggish, persistent inflation will mean the Bank of England will have to keep interest rates higher for longer.

Weekly data from the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) shows speculators lifted their bullish sterling position to $3.971 billion in the week to Feb 13, just shy of last July’s nine-year high.

Leveraged funds, which include hedge funds and money managers, have aggressively added to their long sterling positions since early December, and now hold their largest bet on a pound rally since October.

Aside from the pound’s yield appeal, investors may be taking heart finally from the data too.

JPMorgan nudged up its 2024 UK growth forecast in January, while Deutsche Bank last week said it had made a modest upward tweak to its quarterly growth estimates.

Bank of America has turned bullish on sterling and last week boosted its year-end target for the pound to $1.37 – some 8.5% above where it is trading right now.

In a note last week, ING issued a reminder not to “get carried away” by signs of green shoots in the economy – the BoE is focussed on services and wage inflation right now – but acknowledged that the outlook for Britain’s economy is starting to brighten.

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Asia FX creeps lower, dollar firm as China rate cut gives little support

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Asia FX creeps lower, dollar firm as China rate cut gives little support
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Investing.com– Most Asian currencies crept lower on Tuesday amid persistent concerns over a slowing Chinese economic recovery and higher-for-longer U.S. interest rates, while the dollar edged up and remained near three-month highs.

The People’s Bank of China cut its benchmark five-year by a bigger-than-expected 25 basis points to 3.95%, a record low. But the move provided little cheer to Asian markets, given that it also underscored increasing government anxiety over an economic slowdown in Asia’s biggest economy.

The fell slightly after the move, although bigger losses in the currency were held back by a stronger-than-expected midpoint fix from the PBOC. 

Still, the yuan remained close to its weakest level in three months, and was also close to  breaking above the 7.2 level to the dollar. 

Broader Asian currencies were still reeling from a string of stronger-than-expected U.S. inflation readings from last week, which put the dollar within sight of a three-month high. But the greenback saw few cues for movement from a U.S. holiday on Monday.

The and both rose 0.1% each in Asian trade, buoyed by the prospect of higher-for-longer U.S. interest rates in 2024. 

The was among the worst-hit by recent fears of higher U.S. rates, with the currency weakening past the 150 level on Tuesday. The prospect of a slow exit from the Bank of Japan’s ultra-dovish monetary stance also put pressure on the yen.

Still, the yen found some support around 150 as traders watched for any potential intervention in currency markets by the Japanese government. Breaks above 150 have attracted government intervention in the past, with officials also offering verbal warnings on any such moves last week.

The fell 0.1%, even as the showed the bank still remained inclined towards hiking interest rates further to curb sticky inflation.

But the RBA also said that it was prepared to loosen monetary conditions swiftly if the Australian economy cooled too quickly due to pressure from high rates. 

The RBA had kept rates steady at 4.35% earlier in February, but had struck an unexpectedly hawkish tone- which offered some support to the Aussie. 

Among other Asian currencies, the fell 0.1%, while the fell 0.3%.

The firmed slightly below the 83 level, but still remained vulnerable.

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