Signature Bank closed due to systemic risks after SVB collapse
Following Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) in the United States closed Signature Bank, a bank with a similar stock portfolio — the regulator in New York State made this decision because of systemic risks, according to a joint statement of the U.S. Treasury Department, the Federal Reserve, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Obviously, the S&P 500 and other stock indices are facing bad times.
All of the bank’s depositors will have full access to their deposits, as in the case of SVB, and the taxpayer will suffer no losses. Senior management has been suspended.
Meanwhile, the agencies stress that the U.S. banking system remains resilient, thanks in large part to reforms implemented since the 2008 financial crisis. “These reforms, combined with today’s actions, demonstrate our commitment to taking the necessary steps to ensure the safety of depositors’ savings,” the publication notes.
Commercial Signature Bank had total assets of about $110.36 billion and total deposits of about $88.59 billion as of Dec. 31, 2022, according to the New York Department of Financial Services.
The decision to put Signature into receivership came as a surprise to its managers, who learned of it shortly before the public announcement. On March 10, the bank faced a flood of deposit outflows, but by March 12 the situation had stabilized, said in a private conversation an agency interlocutor who asked not to be named.
On March 11, SVB went bankrupt, which began having problems after the closure of Silvergate, a cryptocurrency bank that invested in startups. This caused concern in the market and a rush by investors to sell off industry stocks. Silicon Valley Bank became the largest failed bank in 15 years since the 2008 global economic crisis, Bloomberg wrote. According to The New York Times, this is the second-largest bankruptcy in U.S. history.
Three days earlier, Silicon Valley Bank customers had abruptly begun withdrawing funds from their accounts, after which the lending institution had to take emergency measures. Investors also began to get rid of shares of peer banks: besides Signature Bank; these are Western Alliance and First Republic.
The authorities are considering the possibility of creating a fund to protect deposits in banks that may face problems after the bankruptcy of SVB. U.S. President Joe Biden’s administration should find a buyer for the bankrupt SVB. The Treasury Department and the White House must also remove any regulatory hurdles to the immediate acquisition of the bank. Otherwise, the U.S. banking system faces a crisis.
Earlier, we reported that Credit Suisse shares fell to an all-time low.
Collapsed SVB Bank to be sold off piecemeal
In the U.S. could not find a buyer for the Silicon Valley Bank, which survived bankruptcy, and therefore regulators have decided to sell the credit institution in parts. It was reported by Bloomberg. Note the volatility throughout the stock market, including the S&P 500.
According to the agency, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation is going to split the bank into two parts. It is reported that by Friday, bids will be submitted for an artificially created by the regulator “transitional bank”.
The Economist previously reported that the rapid collapse of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) and the series of problems that followed revealed undervalued risk throughout the banking system. Because of this it is time for a global overhaul of the entire banking system.
On March 17, Bloomberg agency based on analysis of securities quotations of 166 credit organizations all over the world, reported that the best stock exchange results on the global stock market after failure of American investment bank SVB and Swiss Credit Suisse were shown by shares of Chinese credit organizations. The Bank of China, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, China Construction Bank and other major banks of China are concerned.
Earlier we reported that UBS had acquired Credit Suisse for $3.2 billion.
UBS acquires Credit Suisse – merger agreement ready
UBS acquires Credit Suisse. The Swiss financial holding company will buy out its competitor Credit Suisse. The press-release says that under the terms of the deal UBS will pay with its shares at the scheme of one UBS share for 22.48 Credit Suisse shares. That ratio assumes that the entire bank was valued at 3 billion francs ($3.2 billion) in the transaction, the statement said.
That’s less than half of the bank’s market value at Friday’s close of 7.4 billion francs, or nearly $8 billion.
The merger, which is expected to be completed this year, will be done without shareholder approval procedures for both banks, the bank said. The deal assumes substantial government support. The government agreed to give UBS a government guarantee to cover potential losses of 9 billion francs ($ 9.7 billion) under a number of conditions. The National Bank, in turn, offered UBS 100 billion francs ($108 billion) to make up its liquidity.
UBS announced the takeover of Credit Suisse
Merger talks began this week amid a series of problems. Last month, the bank reported its biggest annual loss since the global financial crisis and said its customers withdrew more than 110 billion Swiss francs from their accounts in the fourth quarter.
The problems worsened in March, with the bank admitting “significant deficiencies” in its financial disclosure for the previous two years on March 14, and its largest shareholder, Saudi National Bank, saying it was not ready to inject new capital into the bank. The stock has since fallen to a record low. The bank announced plans to borrow $54 billion from the Central Bank “to proactively strengthen its liquidity,” but that didn’t remedy the situation. Deposit outflows at the end of last week exceeded 10 billion francs a day.
The takeover of rival UBS was pushed by the authorities. UBS offered to buy the troubled bank for $1 billion, but Credit Suisse rejected the offer, as it considered that the amount offered was too small, and such a deal would be harmful to shareholders and employees.
After that, the authorities are considering a full nationalization or transfer to the state ownership of a significant block of shares. UBS later agreed to pay more than $2 billion.
Note the volatility throughout the stock market, including the S&P 500.
Earlier we reported that Swiss regulators said the Central Bank is ready to intervene in the situation with Credit Suisse.
Swiss regulators said the Central Bank is ready to intervene in the situation with Credit Suisse
The financial authorities of Switzerland said that the Central Bank (Swiss National Bank, SNB) will provide additional liquidity to Credit Suisse in case of need, reports CNBC. Credit Suisse meets all capital and liquidity requirements for systemically important banks, the SNB and the Swiss Financial Markets Supervisory Authority said in a joint statement.
The country’s banking regulators say Credit Suisse “meets the capital and liquidity requirements for systemically important banks. If the situation changes, the SNB is ready to step in and provide additional liquidity to the bank. The country’s financial authorities said there was “no direct risk of contagion” for Swiss banks after the bankruptcy of two U.S. banks a week earlier. Credit Suisse said the same day it welcomed a “statement of support” from regulators.
Regulators stated after Credit Suisse’s Swiss-listed shares plunged more than 20 percent on Wednesday, March 15. Credit Suisse’s U.S. depositary receipts were down 14% in the session after the statement from regulators. while European exchanges and trading in the DAX Index, UK 100 and other indices had already closed by this time. The value of stocks of Swiss bank Credit Suisse plummeted during the trading day by almost a third, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
The price fell to 1.56 francs ($1.7), 30.3 percent less than it was at the close of trading on March 14. The securities later recovered their losses slightly and cost 1.61 francs ($1.74), 28.3% (0.63 francs) less than the closing price the day before. Credit Suisse papers fell to a record low during trading, Bloomberg noted. Trading papers suspended for a time because of too rapid collapse.
Earlier we reported that Moody’s explained why the banking crisis in the U.S. will not affect Asia.
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