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Rising inflation in the eurozone in September accelerated to 9.9%, in the EU to 10.9%

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rising inflation in the eurozone

Rising inflation in the eurozone. Consumer prices in the euro zone in September 2022 rose by 9.9% against the same month in 2021, according to the final data from Eurostat. The figure was revised down from the 10% announced earlier. Analysts had not expected the revision; Trading Economics wrote. Inflation, despite the downward revision, is still a record since the data began to be calculated. The rate of increase in consumer prices in the bloc accelerated from 9.1% in August.

Inflation rate in the eurozone – what’s going on? 

Compared to the previous month, prices in the eurozone increased by 1.2%.

Consumer prices, excluding volatile factors such as energy, food and alcohol (CPI Core index tracked by the European Central Bank), rose 4.8% year on year last month after rising 4.3% a month earlier.

Food, alcohol and tobacco prices rose 11.8% after rising 10.6% in August. Energy prices accelerated to 40.7% after rising 38.6% a month earlier. Services became more expensive by 4.3%.

In 27 EU countries the price growth in annual terms amounted to 10.9% in September, after an increase of 10.1% a month earlier. Against the previous month, prices in the EU rose by 1.2%.

The lowest inflation rate in the eurozone in annual terms in September was observed in France (6.2%), in Malta (7.4%) and in Finland (8.4%). The highest growth in consumer prices was registered in Estonia (24.1%), Lithuania (22.5%) and Latvia (22%).

In Germany, annual inflation accelerated to 10.9% from 8.8% in August. In Italy it was 9.4% after 9.1%. In Spain it slowed down to 9% from 10.5%.

This economic situation is unprecedented for Europe. Analysts make disappointing forecasts and prepare everyone for the fact that further circumstances will only worsen. 

Earlier we reported that almost all U.S. and European CEOs are preparing for economic recession and inflation.

Forex

Dollar hands back gains after Israeli strike; weekly gains likely

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Investing.com – The U.S. dollar handed back early gains Wednesday in volatile action, as traders digested the reported Israeli strikes against Iranian sites and the impact on risk appetite.

At 05:25 ET (09:25 GMT), the Dollar Index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of six other currencies, traded 0.1% lower at 105.870, having earlier climbed as high as 106.190, just marginally below the five-month peak of 106.51 seen earlier in the week. 

Dollar hands back gains after Israeli strikes

The safe-haven dollar jumped higher earlier Friday following reports that Israel attacked Iran in an escalation of conflict in the Middle East, just a few days after Iran launched a drone strike on Israel.

This move marks a potential escalation in the Iran-Israel conflict, and could herald worsening geopolitical conditions in the Middle East, especially after initial reports showed strikes near locations holding Iranian nuclear facilities.

However, these gains have since dissipated after Iranian news agencies said there was no damage to the facilities, and the strikes have been seen to be rather limited in size. 

That said, the dollar is still likely to post a positive week as strong U.S. economic data and persistent inflation have prompted investors to drastically rethink the chances of the Federal Reserve cutting rates any time soon. 

A slew of hawkish comments from Fed officials have also helped the greenback, as evidenced by Atlanta Federal Reserve Bank President on Thursday saying that if inflation does not continue to move toward the U.S. central bank’s 2% goal, central bankers would need to consider an interest-rate hike.     

Sterling edges higher despite weak UK retail sales

In Europe, rose 0.1% to 1.0648, after fell less than expected in March, decreasing by 2.9% on the year, compared with a forecast 3.2% decline.

Additionally, Reuters reported the German government will raise its growth forecast for the German economy this year to 0.3%, from a previous forecast of 0.2%.

However, any euro strength may well be temporary with the now expected to cut interest rates before the Federal Reserve in an attempt to give the region’s struggling economies a boost.

climbed 0.1% higher to 1.2445, trading just above five-month lows despite British stagnating in March.

Sales volumes showed no growth last month, below the expected 0.3% increase, representing the first time that they have not grown in monthly terms since December.

Weakness in retail spending makes it more likely the will start cutting interest rates in the summer, probably before the Federal Reserve.

Yen boosted by safe-haven status

In Asia, traded 0.1% lower at 154.47, with the safe-haven yen boosted by the elevated tensions in the Middle East. 

The Japanese currency remained near 34-year lows, prompting caution over possible government intervention.

edged 0.1% higher to 7.2417, with the yuan near five-month highs amid uncertainty over the Chinese economy.

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Forex

Japan’s finance minister gives fresh warning on excessive yen moves

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WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Japanese Finance Minister Shunichi Suzuki said on Friday authorities would take appropriate action against excessive currency market moves, repeating his warning to investors against pushing down the yen too much.

There has been growing market interest in the timing and pace of a pivot by the U.S. and European central banks toward less restrictive monetary policy, Suzuki said.

“Uncertainty and market speculation over these developments have heightened volatility in financial markets, including foreign exchange markets,” Suzuki said in a statement to the International Monetary Fund’s steering committee.

“It is important that foreign exchange rates move stably, reflecting fundamentals, and excessive volatility is not desirable. We would take appropriate actions against excessive movements,” he said during the spring meetings of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank in Washington.

© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Japanese Finance Minister Shunichi Suzuki speaks during an event about expanding health coverage for all during the IMF and World Bank’s 2024 annual Spring Meetings in Washington, U.S., April 18, 2024. REUTERS/Ken Cedeno/File Photo

A broad dollar rally driven by receding market expectations of a near-term U.S. interest rate cut has recently pushed the yen to a 34-year low, heightening the chance of currency intervention by Japanese authorities.

The U.S., Japan and South Korea agreed to “consult closely” on foreign exchange markets in their first trilateral finance dialogue on Wednesday, acknowledging concerns from Tokyo and Seoul over their currencies’ recent sharp declines.

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BofA lowers EURUSD year-end forecast to 1.12 amid Fed policy shift

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On Friday, Bank of America (BofA) revised its forecast for the currency pair, now expecting it to reach 1.12 by the end of the year, down from the previously anticipated 1.15.

The adjustment follows a change in the Federal Reserve’s interest rate policy, with the first cut now expected in December rather than June. BofA cited potential risks from the absence of Fed cuts and fluctuating oil prices.

The firm also highlighted the impact of escalating geopolitical tensions, rising oil prices, and persistently high U.S. interest rates on emerging markets (EM). These factors have been identified as significant challenges, prompting BofA to revise its forecasts for the exchange rate as well.

The bank now predicts the USD/JPY will climb to 155 by the end of 2024 and 147 by the end of 2025, which is an upward revision based on the latest Federal Reserve forecast adjustments.

BofA has also shifted its stance on the USD/JPY from a slightly short position to buying, indicating a change in their trading strategy. The firm noted that most of their positions are light, suggesting a cautious approach to currency trading at the moment.

In the broader context of currency market dynamics, BofA stated that a stronger U.S. dollar would likely depend more on real money movements rather than speculative trades. This perspective takes into account the actual flow of funds by institutional investors as opposed to short-term bets made by traders.

This article was generated with the support of AI and reviewed by an editor. For more information see our T&C.

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