The U.S. stock market finished Friday’s trading with a fall. At the same time U.S. stock market indices declined also on the results of September and the whole third quarter.
Investors remain concerned about high inflation and attempts by the Federal Reserve (Fed) and other central banks to contain price pressures by aggressively raising interest rates. At the same time, the U.S. stock index fund on Friday was under the influence of rebalancing investor portfolios on the final day of the third quarter. Also, the market was assessing fresh statistical data that indicates the “health” of the U.S. economy.
U.S. household spending rose 0.4 percent in August compared with the previous month, according to a report from the nation’s Commerce Department. Experts polled by Bloomberg news agency forecast an average increase of 0.2%. Americans’ incomes rose 0.3 percent, as expected. Consumer spending accounts for about 70% of the U.S. economy.
The statistics also showed an increase in the rate of core inflation in the country, which speaks in favor of further tightening of monetary policy by the Federal Reserve. The PCE Core Consumer Price Index, which excludes food and energy costs, rose 4.9% year on year in August after rising 4.7% the month before.
Against this backdrop, Fed Vice Chair Leil Brainard’s statement about the need for continued efforts to fight inflation until final goals are reached sends a clear signal to U.S. stock market indices to continue the policy of raising rates.
“Monetary policy needs to be tight for some time to make sure inflation is moving toward the target level,” Brainard was quoted as saying by CNBC. – So we don’t intend to stop (raising rates) prematurely.”
The U.S. consumer confidence index rose to 58.6 points in September from 58.2 points a month earlier. Final data from the University of Michigan, which calculates the index, showed that. Preliminary data had suggested the index had risen to 59.5 points this month, and analysts surveyed by Trading Economics did not expect a revision.
- The Dow Jones U.S. index fell 500.1 points (1.71%) to 28725.51 points in late trading.
- Standard & Poor’s 500 lost 54.85 points (1.51%) to 3,585.62 points.
- The Nasdaq Composite fell 161.89 points (1.51 per cent) to 1,575.62.
All three U.S. stock indices recorded their biggest decline since 2002, from January to September.
Earlier, we reported that Asian stock markets were trading mixed.
Stats had a positive effect on the European stock market. European growth stocks
West European stock indexes closed Wednesday’s trading with a confident growth. Traders evaluated the fresh batch of statistics and bought European growth stocks.
What influenced European stocks to high growth?
GDP volume in France rose 0.2% in the third quarter compared to the previous three months, final data from the national statistics institute Insee showed. The final data coincided with a preliminary estimate. Analysts, on average, had not expected a revision, according to a Trading Economics survey. GDP growth slowed from a 0.5% rebound in the second quarter.
Consumer prices in France, harmonized with European Union standards, rose 7.1% year-over-year in November. Insee also reported. The November rate of increase in consumer prices coincided with that of October, and analysts polled by Trading Economics expected inflation to remain at the same level.
Consumer spending in the country collapsed by 2.8% in October compared with the previous month. Analysts polled by Bloomberg expected a more moderate decline of 1 percent. The consensus forecast of experts polled by Trading Economics envisioned a 0.6% decline. The decrease in consumer spending was the maximum since April 2021.
The number of unemployed in Germany increased by 17 thousand in November, according to the Federal Employment Agency of Germany. The rise in the index was marked at the end of the sixth month in a row. Experts interviewed by Bloomberg agency, on average, predicted an increase of 13.5 thousand. Respondents to Trading Economics expected an increase of 13 thousand.
Additional positives for investors in European markets on Wednesday were messages about easing of coronavirus restrictions in a lot of cities in China. Note that Amazon’s stock price is also rising if you are interested in the U.S. stock market.
Earlier, we reported that U.S. stock indices were up 2.2-4.4%.
U.S. stock indices today rose 2.2-4.4%
The U.S. stock indices today closed the trading on Wednesday with the confident growth due to the statements of the Federal Reserve Chairman, Jerome Powell, who confirmed that the U.S. Central Bank could slow down the basic rate rise as early as in December.
Judging by the quotations of futures on the level of the prime rate, U.S. stock market indices expect the Federal Reserve to raise it by 50 basis points (bps) in December – to 4.25-4.5%. The U.S. Central Bank has increased the rate by 75 bps at each of the previous four meetings. Against this background, the current stock price of Facebook also rose.
The report by the industry organization ADP, published on Wednesday, showed a slowdown in job growth in the U.S. private sector. Their number increased by 127,000 in November, the lowest rate since January, said the ADP. Analysts polled by The Wall Street Journal on average had forecast job growth of 190,000 after a jump of 239,000 in October.
Data from the U.S. Commerce Department, also released Nov. 30, showed higher-than-reported growth in the U.S. economy in the third quarter. U.S. GDP grew at an annualized rate of 2.9% in the July-September quarter, rather than the previously reported 2.6%. Experts polled by Trading Economics had expected an average revision of 2.7%.
Also, the Federal Reserve released its regional Beige Book survey Wednesday, showing that economic activity in the United States was little changed in the fall.
Federal Reserve banks in five counties reported a weak increase in activity in October and November, while the other seven reported a stable or slightly declining economy.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average index was up 737.24 points (2.18%) at 34589.77 as of Wednesday’s market close.
Standard & Poor’s 500 rose 122.48 points (3.09%) to 4,080.11 points.
The Nasdaq Composite added 484.22 points (4.41%) to 1,468.
All three U.S. stock market indices closed November, with the Dow Jones gaining 5.3%; the S&P 500 gaining 4.6%, and the Nasdaq Composite gaining 3.3%.
Earlier we reported that Main European stock indices were rising during trading.
Main European stock indices rise in trading
Main European stock indices are rising during trading on Thursday. The Stoxx Europe 600 composite index of the largest companies in the region rose 0.58% to 442.60 points. German DAX is up 0.34%, British FTSE 100 is up 0.15%, French CAC 40 is up 0.01%, Italian FTSE MIB is up 0.47% and Spanish IBEX 35 is up 0.45%.
What affected the best European stock indices?
During a speech at the Brookings Institution on Wednesday, Powell reiterated that the Fed could slow the rise in the prime rate as early as December. “The time to moderate the pace of rate hikes may come as early as the next meeting,” Powell said.
The Fed chair, meanwhile, tried to balance those words with “hawkish” signals. Market Watch notes. He said that the U.S. Central Bank will have to raise the rate higher than could be expected a few months ago. Moreover, Powell made it clear that the issue of rate cuts is irrelevant at the moment. By the way, his words influenced the growth of the current stock price of the NASDAQ-100.
Another Fed official, Board of Governors member Lisa Cook said she believes the regulator needs to keep raising rates as inflation is still too high. “We’ve started to get more favorable inflation data. But I would be cautious about drawing big conclusions on just one month’s worth of data,” Cook said during a speech at the Detroit Economic Club.
Earlier, we reported on how European stock indexes were falling following Asian stock markets.
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